Crane, Derrick and Hoist Safety

Standards

Visit the Cranes and Derricks Safety - Final Rule Page for information on the final rule.

Crane, derrick, and hoist safety hazards are addressed in specific OSHA standards for general industry, maritime, gear certification, and construction. This section highlights OSHA standards and documents related to crane, derrick, and hoist safety.

OSHA Standards
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
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1910 Subpart N - Materials Handling and Storage

1910.179, Overhead and gantry cranes.

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1910.180, Crawler locomotive and truck cranes.

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1910.181, Derricks.

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1910.183, Helicopters.

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1910 Subpart S - Electrical

1910 Subpart S App A, Reference Documents

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Maritime (29 CFR 1915, 1917, 1918)
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1917 Subpart D

1917.71, Terminals handling intermodal containers or roll-on roll-off operations.

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1917 Subpart F - Terminal Facilities

1917.116, Elevators and escalators.

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1918 Subpart F

1918.51, General requirements (See also §1918.11 and appendix III of this part).

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1918.55, Cranes (See also §1918.11).

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1918 Subpart G

1918.62, Miscellaneous auxiliary gear.

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1918.66, Cranes and derricks other than vessel's gear.

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1918 Subpart H

1918.81, Slinging.

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1918.85, Containerized cargo operations.

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1918 Subpart I

1918.98, Qualifications of machinery operators and supervisory training.

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1918 Subpart J - Personal Protective Equipment

1918.105, Other protective measures.

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Gear Certification (29 CFR 1919)
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1919 Subpart A - General Provisions

1919.2, Definition of terms.

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1919 Subpart C - Duties of Persons Accredited To Certificate Vessels' Cargo Gear

1919.12, Recordkeeping and related procedures concerning records in custody of the vessel.

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1919 Subpart D - Certification of Vessels' Cargo Gear

1919.15, Periodic tests, examinations and inspections.

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1919.16, Heat treatment.

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1919.21, Marking and posting of safe working loads.

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1919.24, Limitations on use of wire rope.

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1919 Subpart E - Certification of Vessels: Tests and Proof Loads; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons

1919.28, Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto.

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1919 Subpart H - Certification of Shore-Based Material Handling Devices

1919.73, Unit proof test and examination of derricks.

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1919.75, Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's data.

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Construction (29 CFR 1926)
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1926 Subpart K - Electrical

1926.406, Specific purpose equipment and installations.

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1926 Subpart N

1926.551, Helicopters.

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1926.552, Material hoists, personnel hoists, and elevators.

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1926.553, Base-mounted drum hoists.

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1926.554, Overhead hoists.

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1926.555, Conveyors.

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1926.556, Aerial lifts.

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1926 Subpart V

1926.958, Materials handling and storage. Regulations for crane and hoist signaling will be found in applicable American National Standards Institute standards.

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State Standards

There are 28 OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

Additional Federal Register notices

Note: The notices in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.


Additional Directives

Note: The directives in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

Additional Letters of Interpretation

Note: The letters in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.