OSHA Injury and Illness Recordkeeping and Reporting Requirements

Recordkeeping Requirements

For information on recording cases of work-related COVID-19 during the COVID-19 Pandemic, see OSHA's COVID-19 Regulations page or OSHA’s COVID-19 page.

Many employers with more than 10 employees are required to keep a record of serious work-related injuries and illnesses. (Certain low-risk industries are exempted.) Minor injuries requiring first aid only do not need to be recorded.

This information helps employers, workers and OSHA evaluate the safety of a workplace, understand industry hazards, and implement worker protections to reduce and eliminate hazards -preventing future workplace injuries and illnesses.

Maintaining and Posting Records

The records must be maintained at the worksite for at least five years. Each February through April, employers must post a summary of the injuries and illnesses recorded the previous year. Also, if requested, copies of the records must be provided to current and former employees, or their representatives.

Electronic Submission of Records

The Injury Tracking Application (ITA) is accessible from the ITA launch page, where you can provide the Agency your OSHA Form 300A information. The date by which certain employers are required to submit to OSHA the information from their completed Form 300A is March 2nd of the year after the calendar year covered by the form.

Severe Injury Reporting

Employers must report any worker fatality within 8 hours and any amputation, loss of an eye, or hospitalization of a worker within 24 hours.

Improve Tracking of Workplace Injuries and Illnesses

OSHA published a proposed rule, Improve Tracking of Workplace Injuries and Illnesses on March 30, 2022 that would require:

  • Establishments with 20 or more employees, in certain high-hazard industries, continue to electronically submit Form 300A Annual Summary information once a year to OSHA.
  • Establishments with 100 or more employees in the highest-hazard industries to submit Form 300 Log and Form 301 Incident Report information once a year to OSHA. These establishments would continue to be required to electronically submit information from their Form 300A Annual Summary.

In addition, establishments with 250 or more employees, not in designated high-hazard industries, would no longer be required to electronically submit recordkeeping information to OSHA.

OSHA believes that the electronic submission of establishment-specific and case-specific information from the Forms 300 and 301 will improve workplace safety and health by:

  • allowing OSHA to use its resources more effectively by better enabling the Agency to identify workplaces where workers are at greatest risk from specific hazards, and to target its compliance assistance and enforcement efforts accordingly,
  • improving the ability of employers to compare their own injury and illness data on hazards with the data from similar establishments in the same industry,
  • improving the ability of stakeholders to make more informed decisions using recent establishment-specific, case-specific, injury/illness information, and
  • improving research on occupational safety and health.

Read the proposed rule. You may submit comments on the proposed rule electronically to the federal docket folder (number OSHA-2021-0006) on the Federal e-Rulemaking Portal Regulations.gov. You may also review comments submitted by members of the public including workers and worker groups, affected industries, and other interested parties. In addition, you may examine all supporting materials for the proposed rule on this site. The deadline for submitting comments is May 31, 2022.