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Title: Occupational Risk of HIV:
Type: Text Slide
Source: CDC, 1991; 1996
What occupational risk does HIV pose for the health care worker?
HIV infection has been reported after occupational exposures to HIV-infected blood through needlesticks or cuts; splashes in the eyes, nose, or mouth; and skin contact.
Exposures from needlesticks or cuts cause most infections. The average risk of HIV infection after a needlestick exposure to HIV-infected blood is 0.3% or 1 in 300. Even though the risk of seroconversion after needlestick is relatively rare, injured health care workers may suffer disabling physical side effects from post-exposure anti-viral medication as well as severe emotional trauma as they await their test results (CDC, 1991).
The risk after exposure of the eye, nose, or mouth to HIV-infected blood is estimated to be, on the average, 0.1% or 1 in 1000 (CDC, 1987).
The risk after exposure of the skin to HIV-infected blood is estimated to be less then 0.1%. The risk may be higher if the skin is broken or if the contact involves a large area of skin or is prolonged (CDC, 1987).