- Part Number:1910
- Part Number Title:Occupational Safety and Health Standards
- Subpart:1910 Subpart N
- Subpart Title:Materials Handling and Storage
- Standard Number:
- Title:Powered industrial trucks.
- GPO Source:
All new powered industrial trucks acquired and used by an employer shall meet the design and construction requirements for powered industrial trucks established in the "American National Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks, Part II, ANSI B56.1-1969", which is incorporated by reference as specified in §1910.6, except for vehicles intended primarily for earth moving or over-the-road hauling.
Approved trucks shall bear a label or some other identifying mark indicating approval by the testing laboratory. See paragraph (a)(7) of this section and paragraph 405 of "American National Standard for Powered Industrial Trucks, Part II, ANSI B56.1-1969", which is incorporated by reference in paragraph (a)(2) of this section and which provides that if the powered industrial truck is accepted by a nationally recognized testing laboratory it should be so marked.
Power-operated industrial trucks designated as DY, EE, or EX may be used in locations where volatile flammable liquids or flammable gases are handled, processed or used, but in which the hazardous liquids, vapors or gases will normally be confined within closed containers or closed systems from which they can escape only in case of accidental rupture or breakdown of such containers or systems, or in the case of abnormal operation of equipment; also in locations in which hazardous concentrations of gases or vapors are normally prevented by positive mechanical ventilation but which might become hazardous through failure or abnormal operation of the ventilating equipment; or in locations which are adjacent to Class I, Division 1 locations, and to which hazardous concentrations of gases or vapors might occasionally be communicated unless such communication is prevented by adequate positive-pressure ventilation from a source of clear air, and effective safeguards against ventilation failure are provided.
Table N-1-Summary Table on Use of Industrial Trucks in Various Locations
|Classes||Unclassified||Class I locations||Class II locations||Class III locations|
|Description of classes||Locations not possessing atmospheres as described in other columns||Locations in which flammable gases or vapors are, or may be, present in the air in quantities sufficient to produce explosive or ignitible mixtures||Locations which are hazardous because of the presence of combustible dust||Locations where easily ignitible fibers or flyings are present but not likely to be in suspension in quantities sufficient to produce ignitible mixtures.|
|Groups in classes||None||A||B||C||D||E||F||G||None|
|Examples of locations or atmospheres in classes and groups||Piers and wharves inside and outside general storage, general industrial or commercial properties||Acetylene||Hydrogen||Ethyl ether||Gasoline
|Metal dust||Carbon black coal dust, coke dust||Grain dust, flour dust, starch dust, organic dust||Baled waste, cocoa fiber, cotton, excelsior, hemp, istle, jute, kapok, oakum, sisal, Spanish moss, synthetic fibers, tow.|
Table N-1-Summary Table on Use of Industrial Trucks in Various Locations-Continued
|Divisions (nature of hazardous conditions)||None||Above condition exists continuously, intermittently, or periodically under normal operating conditions||Above condition may occur accidentally as due to a puncture of a storage drum||Explosive mixture may be present under normal operating conditions, or where failure of equipment may cause the condition to exist simultaneously with arcing or sparking of electrical equipment, or where dusts of an electrically conducting nature may be present||Explosive mixture not normally present, but where deposits of dust may cause heat rise in electrical equipment, or where such deposits may be ignited by arcs or sparks from electrical equipment||Locations in which easily ignitible fibers or materials producing combustible flyings are handled, manufactured, or used||Locations in which easily ignitible fibers are stored or handled (except in the process of manufacture).|
|Authorized uses of trucks by types in groups of classes and divisions|
|Groups in classes||None||A||B||C||D||A||B||C||D||E||F||G||E||F||G||None||None|
|Type of truck authorized:|
|Paragraph Ref. in No. 505||210.211||201
**Trucks conforming to these types may also be used-see subdivision (c)(2)(x) and (c)(2)(xii) of this section.
Dates. The employer shall ensure that operators of powered industrial trucks are trained, as appropriate, by the dates shown in the following table.
|If the employee was hired:||The initial training and evaluation of that employee must be completed:|
|Before December 1, 1999||By December 1, 1999.|
|After December 1, 1999||Before the employee is assigned to operate a powered industrial truck.|
Where industrial trucks are used on a round-the-clock basis, they shall be examined after each shift. Defects when found shall be immediately reported and corrected.
Industrial trucks originally approved for the use of gasoline for fuel may be converted to liquefied petroleum gas fuel provided the complete conversion results in a truck which embodies the features specified for LP or LPS designated trucks. Such conversion equipment shall be approved. The description of the component parts of this conversion system and the recommended method of installation on specific trucks are contained in the "Listed by Report."
[39 FR 23502, June 27, 1974, as amended at 40 FR 23073, May 28, 1975; 43 FR 49749, Oct. 24, 1978; 49 FR 5322, Feb. 10, 1984; 53 FR 12122, Apr. 12, 1988; 55 FR 32015, Aug. 6, 1990; 61 FR 9227, March 7, 1996; 63 FR 66270, Dec. 1, 1998; 68 FR 32638, June 2, 2003; 71 FR 16672, April 3, 2006; 81 83005, Nov. 18, 2016]