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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: PCP

OSHA IMIS Code Number: 1989

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 87-86-5

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: SM6300000; 57121

Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Guide: NA2020 Poison

Chemical Description and Physical Properties:

light-brown solid with a pungent odor when hot
molecular weight: 266
vapor pressure: 0.0002 mm
boiling point: 592°F
melting point: 360° to 374°F

Incompatibilities: Strong oxidizers

Exposure Limits

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):

General Industry: 0.5 mg/m3 (Skin)

Construction Industry: 0.5 mg/m3 TWA (Skin)

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 0.5 mg/m3 TWA (Skin); Appendix A3 (Confirmed Animal Carcinogen with Unknown Relevance to Humans)

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 0.5 mg/m3 TWA (Skin)

Health Factors

Carcinogenic Classification:

International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Chlorophenols - Group 2B, possibly carcinogenic to humans

Potential Symptoms: Eye, nose, throat irritation; sneezing, coughing; weakness, anorexia, low-weight; sweating; headaches; dizziness; nausea, vomiting; dyspnea, chest pain; high fever; dermatitis

Health Effects: Acute systemic toxicity (HE4); Vascular and CNS damage (HE3) Chloracne (HE7); Suspect Teratogen (HE5)

Affected Organs: CVS, respiratory system, eyes, liver, kidneys, skin, CNS

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method (SLC1):

  • sampling media: Two XAD-7 tubes in series
    analytical solvent: Methanol
    maximum volume: 48 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min
    current analytical method: High Performance Liquid Chromatography; HPLC/UV
    method reference: 2 (OSHA 39)
    sampling and analytical error: 0.11
    method classification: Fully Validated
    note: Laboratory prepared XAD-7 sampling tube contains a glass fiber disk to trap aerosol component. OSHA personnel may obtain sampling tubes and instructions from the Salt Lake Technical Center.

Conditions: Column: CN Mobile Phase: 40:60:0.1 Acetonitrile:Water:H3PO4 Detector Wavelength: 220nm Detection Limit: 0.007 mg/m3

Wipe Sampling Method:

  • sampling media: Glass Fiber Filter

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