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Ethyl Alcohol

General Description

Synonyms: Ethanol; Ethyl hydrate; Grain alcohol; Methyl carbinol; Jaysol; Anhydrol

OSHA IMIS code: 1060

CAS number: 64-17-5

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Primary Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method:
  • two anasorb 747 adsorbent tubes (front tube 400mg / second tube 200mg)
  • maximum volume: 12 L
  • maximum flow rate: 0.05 L/min 
  • current analytical method: gas chromatography; GC/FID 
  • analytical solvent: (40:60) carbon disulfide:dimethylformamide
  • method reference: OSHA 100 (fully validated)
  • note: Separate and seal each tube after sampling.
On-Site Sampling Techniques/Methods:
  • model/type: Ethanol-100, MSA P/N 804136, AUER P/N 5086-818
  • sampling information: follow manufacturer's instructions
  • upper measurement limit: 6000 ppm
  • detection limit: approximately 50 ppm
  • overall uncertainty: unknown
  • method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
  • model/type: Alcohol 25/a, order no. 81 01631 
  • sampling information: 10 strokes 
  • upper measurement limit: 2000 ppm 
  • detection limit: approximately 10 ppm 
  • overall uncertainty: approximately 41% 
  • method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
  • model/type: 112
  • sampling information: 0.5 to 2 strokes 
  • upper measurement limit: 7.5% 
  • detection limit: 0.004% 
  • overall uncertainty: 25% for 0.05 to 0.5%, 16% for 0.5 to 2.5% 
  • method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
  • model/type: 8014-104SA 
  • sampling information: 1 stroke 
  • upper measurement limit: 5% 
  • detection limit: approximately 0.02% 
  • overall uncertainty: unknown 
  • method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)

Exposure Limits and Health Effects (Updated September 6, 2012)

Standard Set By Exposure Limit Health Effect Codes -- Health Effects and Target Organs

OSHA PEL - General Industry
See 29 CFR 1910.1000 Table Z-1

1,000 ppm (1,900 mg/m3) TWA HE7 -- headache, fatigue
HE8 -- stupor
HE16 -- irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes
OSHA PEL - Construction Industry
See 29 CFR 1926.55 Appendix A
1,000 ppm (1,900 mg/m3) TWA HE7 -- headache, fatigue
HE8 -- stupor
HE16 -- irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes
OSHA PEL - Shipyard Employment
See 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards
1,000 ppm (1,900 mg/m3) TWA HE7 -- headache, fatigue
HE8 -- stupor
HE16 -- irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes
NIOSH REL 1,000 ppm (1,900 mg/m3) TWA HE5 -- teratogenic and reproductive effects
HE16 -- eye, respiratory, and skin irritation
ACGIH TLV® (2008) 1,000 ppm (1,880 mg/m3) STEL
A3
HE16 -- irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes
CAL/OSHA PELs 1,000 ppm (1,900 mg/m3) TWA HE16 -- irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes

Carcinogenic classification:

EPA Inhalation Reference Concentration (RfC): Not established

ATSDR Inhalation Minimal Risk Levels (MRLs): Not established

NIOSH IDLH concentration: 3,300 ppm (10% LEL)

Notes on other potential health effects and hazards:

  1. Doubt has been expressed regarding whether developmental toxicity can be caused by occupational exposure to ethyl alcohol. Inhalation and dermal exposure in the workplace result in low blood alcohol concentrations (Irvine 2003).

Partial reference list:

Chemical Sampling Information

By Name

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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