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Chemical Sampling Information (CSI)
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General Description

Synonyms: Acrylic aldehyde; Acrylaldehyde; Propenal; Allylaldehyde; Propenaldehyde; Diesel Exhaust Component

OSHA IMIS Code Number: 0110

Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 107-02-8

NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: AS1050000

Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Guide: 1092 131P (inhibited)

NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Acrolein: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more


Exposure Limits

OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):
General Industry: 29 CFR 1910.1000 Z-1 Table -- 0.1 ppm, 0.25 mg/m3 TWA

Construction Industry: 29 CFR 1926.55 Appendix A -- 0.1 ppm, 0.25 mg/m3 TWA

Maritime: 29 CFR 1915.1000 Table Z-Shipyards -- 0.1 ppm, 0.25 mg/m3 TWA
American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 0.1 ppm, 0.23 mg/m3 Ceiling; Skin; Appendix A4 - Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 0.1 ppm, 0.25 mg/m3 TWA; 0.3 ppm, 0.8 mg/m3 STEL; Appendix C - Supplementary Exposure Limits (Aldehydes)


Health Factors

Carcinogenic Classification:
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC): Group 3 - not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans (Vol. 63) [2 MB PDF, 36 pages]
NIOSH Immediately Dangerous To Life or Health Concentration (IDLH): 2 ppm

Potential Symptoms: Eye, skin, mucous membrane irritation; tightness in the chest, cough, difficulty breathing, acute pulmonary edema, chronic respiratory disease, asthma; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, high blood pressure, unconsciousness.

Health Effects: Irritation - Eye, Nose, Throat, Lung, Skin---Marked (HE14); Mutagen (HE2); Sensitizer for asthma (HE9) and dermatitis; corneal and eyelid damage; LD50 (oral, rabbit) 7 mg/kg; LD50 (oral, rat) 46 mg/kg

Affected Organs: Heart, eyes, skin, respiratory system.

Notes:
  1. Implicated as a major cause of fatalities due to smoke inhalation at fires.
  2. Metabolite of the drugs, cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide.
Date Last Revised: 11/09/2001

Literature Basis:
  • (tightness in the chest, cough, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, corneal damage; sensitizer; drug metabolite)
    Morandi, M.T., Maberti, S.: Aldehydes and acetals (Chapter 73). In: Patty's Toxicology, 5th Ed., Vol. 5, Bingham, E., Cohrssen, B., and Powell, C.H., eds. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 1005-1018, 2001.
  • (toxic component of smoke inhalation)
    Hung, O.L. and Shih, R.D.: Firefighters (Chapter 15). In: Occupational, Industrial, and Environmental Toxicology. M.I. Greenberg, R.J. Hamilton and S.D. Phillips, eds. St. Louis: Mosby, p. 115, 1997.
Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method:
  • sampling media: Coated XAD-2 Tube (150/75 mg sections) Coating is 10% (w/w) 2-(Hydroxymethyl)piperidine.
    analytical solvent: Toluene
    maximum volume: 48 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.1 L/min TWA
    maximum volume: 3 Liters
    maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min STEL
    current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/NPD
    method reference: OSHA Analytical Method (OSHA 52)
    method classification: Fully Validated
On-Site Sampling Techniques/Methods:
  • device: Detector Tube
    manufacturer: Matheson-Kitagawa
    model/type: 8014-136
    sampling information: follow manufacturer's instructions
    upper measurement limit: 1.8%
    detection limit: approximately 0.005%
    overall uncertainty: unknown
    method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)

  • device: Detector Tube
    manufacturer: Gastec
    model/type: 93
    sampling information: 2 to 4 strokes
    upper measurement limit: 800 ppm
    detection limit: 2 ppm
    overall uncertainty: 16.4% for 10 to 200 ppm, 8.2% for 200 to 800 ppm
    method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)

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Page last updated: 01/31/2006

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