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Acrolein

General Description

  • Synonyms: Acrylic aldehyde; Acrylaldehyde; Propenal; Allylaldehyde; Propenaldehyde; Diesel Exhaust Component
  • OSHA IMIS Code Number: 0110
  • Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 107-02-8
  • NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: AS1050000
  • Department of Transportation Regulation Number (49 CFR 172.101) and Emergency Response Guidebook: 1092 131P (inhibited)
  • NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Acrolein: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more

Exposure Limits

  • OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL):
  • American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV): 0.1 ppm, 0.23 mg/m3 Ceiling; Skin; Appendix A4 - Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): 0.1 ppm, 0.25 mg/m3 TWA; 0.3 ppm, 0.8 mg/m3 STEL; Appendix C - Supplementary Exposure Limits (Aldehydes)

Health Factors

  • Carcinogenic Classification:
  • NIOSH Immediately Dangerous To Life or Health Concentration (IDLH): 2 ppm
  • Potential Symptoms: Eye, skin, mucous membrane irritation; tightness in the chest, cough, difficulty breathing, acute pulmonary edema, chronic respiratory disease, asthma; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, high blood pressure, unconsciousness.
  • Health Effects: Irritation - Eye, Nose, Throat, Lung, Skin---Marked (HE14); Mutagen (HE2); Sensitizer for asthma (HE9) and dermatitis; corneal and eyelid damage; LD50 (oral, rabbit) 7 mg/kg; LD50 (oral, rat) 46 mg/kg
  • Affected Organs: Heart, eyes, skin, respiratory system.
  • Notes:
    1. Implicated as a major cause of fatalities due to smoke inhalation at fires.
    2. Metabolite of the drugs, cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide.
  • Date Last Revised: 11/09/2001
  • Literature Basis:
    • (tightness in the chest, cough, difficulty breathing, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, corneal damage...; sensitizer; drug metabolite) Morandi, M.T., Maberti, S.: Aldehydes and acetals (Chapter 73). In: Patty's Toxicology, 5th Ed., Vol. 5, Bingham, E., Cohrssen, B., and Powell, C.H., eds. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 1005-1018, 2001.
    • (toxic component of smoke inhalation) Hung, O.L. and Shih, R.D.: Firefighters (Chapter 15). In: Occupational, Industrial, and Environmental Toxicology. M.I. Greenberg, R.J. Hamilton and S.D. Phillips, eds. St. Louis: Mosby, p. 115, 1997.

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method:
  • Coated XAD-2 Tube (150/75 mg sections) Coating is 10% (w/w) 2-(Hydroxymethyl)piperidine.
  • analytical solvent: Toluene
  • maximum volume: 48 Liters
  • maximum flow rate: 0.1 L/min TWA
  • maximum volume: 3 Liters
  • maximum flow rate: 0.2 L/min STEL
  • current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/NPD
  • method reference: OSHA Analytical Method (OSHA 52)
  • method classification: Fully Validated
On-Site Sampling Techniques/Methods:
  • Detector Tube
  • manufacturer: Matheson-Kitagawa
  • model/type: 8014-136
  • sampling information: follow manufacturer's instructions
  • upper measurement limit: 1.8%
  • detection limit: approximately 0.005%
  • overall uncertainty: unknown
  • method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
  • Detector Tube
  • manufacturer: Gastec
  • model/type: 93
  • sampling information: 2 to 4 strokes
  • upper measurement limit: 800 ppm
  • detection limit: 2 ppm
  • overall uncertainty: 16.4% for 10 to 200 ppm, 8.2% for 200 to 800 ppm
  • method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)

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