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Poultry Processing Industry eTool

Poultry Home Injury & Illness Prevention Program

OSHA recognizes that the most effective way to provide a safe work place is to implement an effective injury and illness prevention program. The program should address all hazards, not just those covered by specific OSHA standards. Some state OSHA programs require injury and illness prevention programs.

Federal OSHA has issued voluntary guidelines to help employers develop an effective program which include:

For additional information refer to the text of these guidelines.

Management Commitment

"Management Commitment and Employee Involvement" includes a clear statement of:

  • The importance of safety and health protection.
  • The goals of the program and measures that will be taken to meet them.
  • How top management will be involved.
  • How employees will be involved and consulted.
  • Who is assigned responsibility for parts of the program, and what authority and resources are available to carry out the responsibility.
  • How management and employees will be held accountable for their responsibilities.
  • Procedures for annual reviews of progress toward the goals, with revisions as needed.

Worksite Analysis

"Worksite Analysis" includes:

  • Identification of hazards for all current worksite conditions; also for conditions resulting from new or planned changes.
  • Regular safety and health inspections.
  • A system for employees to notify management of hazards.
  • Investigation of accidents and "near misses".
  • Analysis of injury and illnesses trends.

Hazard Prevention and Control

"Hazard Prevention and Control" includes the correction of current and potential hazards through:

  • Engineering techniques and safe work practices,
  • personal protective equipment, and
  • administrative controls.


  • Adjustable height work platforms (engineering technique),
  • stainless steel mesh gloves (personal protective equipment), and
  • rotating workers through jobs that use different muscle groups (administrative control).

Injury and Illness Prevention Training

"Injury and Illness Prevention Training" includes:

  • Training employees about the hazards of their work and how to prevent harm to themselves and others.
  • Training supervisors and managers on their responsibilities for safety and health and how to carry them out.
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