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Poultry Processing Industry eTool
Plant-Wide Hazards
Receiving and Killing
Cutting and Deboning

Task 5: Cone Line Feeder

cone line feeder Most plants use a cone line as the main staging area for removing appendages and meat from the body of the bird. The feeder places the eviscerated carcass onto the cone, which is integrated into a conveyor line. This line moves the bird past employees who remove parts from the carcass. 

In some plants parts are removed from birds hanging from a shackle conveyor or the process may be automated using multi-cut machinery. In these cases the cone line feeder is replaced by a rehang worker.

Hazards of this task may include:

Hazardous Situation:
Employees repeatedly reach to a conveyor or shelf to obtain birds for processing and reach to place birds on the cone. Repetitive reaching stresses the shoulder and upper back.
Possible Solutions:
  • Use diverter bars to push the product closer to the employee.
  • Reduce width of supply conveyor so the product is presented closer to the employee.
  • Position cones and other work fixtures so all activities of the task can be performed with the elbows in close to the torso.
  • Provide height-adjustable stands, where appropriate, to place employee in proper orientation to the work surface.
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Standing for a long time
Hazardous Situation:
Standing for a long time reduces blood flow to the legs, forces isolated muscles to work for an extended time, and increases risk of fatigue and varicose veins.
Possible Solutions:
  • Install sit/stand stools, which allow employees to lean and have their weight supported while still remaining in an upright posture.
  • Rotate employees to tasks that do not require prolonged standing.
  • Provide shoe insoles that cushion the feet and spread foot pressure over a larger surface.
  • Provide a foot rest in front of employees so they can shift their posture.
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