Oil and Gas Extraction

Standards

The following sections highlight OSHA standards, directives (instruction to OSHA staff), letters of interpretation (official letters of interpretation and national consensus standards that pertain to the oil and gas extraction industry. State and other federal standards are also highlighted, and links to industry organizations are provided.

The General Duty Clause of the OSH Act (the law that created OSHA) requires employers to provide workers with a safe workplace that does not have any recognized hazards that cause or are likely to cause death or serious injury. Exposures to hazards present in the oil and gas well drilling, servicing, and storage industry are addressed in specific standards for general industry.

As mentioned in the letter of interpretation, Applicability of 29 CFR 1926 to oil and gas well drilling and servicing operations, (April 27, 2009), site preparation is the only aspect of oil and gas well drilling and servicing operations covered by 29 CFR 1926. Site preparation includes activities such as leveling the site, trenching, and excavation. All other aspects of oil and gas well drilling and servicing operations are covered by 29 CFR 1910; when a serious hazard exists in the workplace that is not addressed by a specific OSHA standard, Section 5(a)(l) ("General Duty Clause") of the OSH Act applies.

OSHA Standards

Frequently Cited Standards

OSHA maintains a listing of the most frequently cited standards for specified 2 to 6-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes. Please refer to OSHA's Frequently Cited OSHA Standards page for additional information. For oil and gas industry use NAICS code 21 in the NAICS search box.

  • Oil and Gas Field Services Industry Group (NAICS Code 213111)
  • Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas (NAICS Code 211111)
  • Drilling Oil and Gas Wells (NAICS Code 213111)
  • Oil and Gas Field Exploration Services (NAICS Code 213112)
  • Oil and Gas Field Services, Not Elsewhere Classified (NAICS Code 213112)

Other Highlighted Standards

General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
Related Information

1910 Subpart D - Walking-Working Surfaces

1910.22, General requirements.

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1910.25, Stairways.

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1910.27, Scaffolds and rope descent systems.

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1910.28, Duty to have fall protection and falling object protection.

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1910 Subpart E - Exit Routes and Emergency Planning

1910 Subpart E App, Exit Routes, Emergency Action Plans, and Fire Prevention Plans.

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1910.36, Design and construction requirements for exit routes.

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1910.37, Maintenance, safeguards, and operational features for exit routes.

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1910 Subpart F - Powered Platforms, Manlifts, and Vehicle-Mounted Work Platforms

1910.66, Powered platforms for building maintenance. See Appendix C for information related to personal fall arrest system (section I-mandatory; sections II and III-non-mandatory).

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1910 Subpart G - Occupational Health and Environmental Control

1910.95, Occupational noise exposure.

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1910 Subpart J - General Environmental Controls

1910.141, Sanitation.

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1910.145, Specifications for accident prevention signs and tags.

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1910.146, Permit-required confined spaces.

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1910.147, The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout). See Appendix A. for information related to typical minimal lockout procedures.

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1910.151, Medical services and first aid.

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1910 Subpart I - Personal Protective Equipment

1910.132, General requirements.

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1910.133, Eye and face protection.

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1910.134, Respiratory Protection.

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1910.135, Head protection.

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1910.136, Foot protection.

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1910 Subpart H - Hazardous Materials

1910.106, Flammable liquids.

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1910.110, Storage and handling of liquefied petroleum gases.

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1910.120, Hazardous waste operations and emergency response.

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1910 Subpart Z - Toxic and Hazardous Substances

1910.1000, Air contaminants.

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1910.1030, Bloodborne pathogens.

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1910.1200, Hazard Communication.

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1910 Subpart N - Materials Handling and Storage

1910.176, Handling materials - general.

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1910.178, Powered industrial trucks.

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1910.184, Slings.

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1910 Subpart L - Fire Protection

1910.157, Portable fire extinguishers.

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1910.165, Employee alarm systems.

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1910 Subpart Q - Welding, Cutting and Brazing

1910.252, General requirements.

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1910.253, Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting.

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1910 Subpart O - Machinery and Machine Guarding

1910.212, General requirements for all machines.

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1910.215, Abrasive wheel machinery.

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1910.219, Mechanical power-transmission apparatus.

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1910 Subpart P - Hand and Portable Powered Tools and Other Hand-Held Equipment

1910.242, Hand and portable powered tools and equipment, general.

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1910 Subpart S - Electrical

1910.303, General.

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1910.304, Wiring design and protection.

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1910.305, Wiring methods, components, and equipment for general use.

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1910.307, Hazardous (classified) locations.

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1910.332, Training.

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1910.333, Selection and use of work practices.

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1910.334, Use of equipment.

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1910.335, Safeguards for personnel protection.

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Construction (29 CFR 1926)
Construction (29 CFR 1926)
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1926 Subpart J - Welding and Cutting

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1926 Subpart K - Electrical

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1926 Subpart L - Scaffolds

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1926 Subpart M

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1926 Subpart N

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1926 Subpart P

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1926 Subpart CC - Cranes and Derricks in Construction

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State Standards

There are 28 OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

California

  • Title 8; Chapter 4, Division of Industrial Safety

Alaska

Texas

  • Title 16; Economic Regulation; Part 1, Railroad Commission of Texas
    • Chapter 3: Oil and Gas Division

Utah

Wyoming

Additional Directives

Note: The directives in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

Other Federal Standards

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM)

  • 10 CFR 39 Licenses and Radiation Safety Requirements for Well Logging

Research and Special Programs Administration

General

  • 49 CFR 171 General Information, Regulations, and Definitions
  • 49 CFR 172 Hazardous Materials Table, Special Provisions, Hazardous Materials Communications, Emergency Response Information, Training Requirements and Security Plans
  • 49 CFR 173 Shippers-General Requirements for Shipments and Packagings
  • 49 CFR 177 Carriage by Public Highway
  • 49 CFR 178 Specifications for Packagings

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

Fire and Explosion

National Consensus Standards

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

American National Standards Institute/American Society of Safety Engineers

  • Z41 Personal Protection-Protective Footwear
  • Z49.1 Safety in Welding and Cutting and Allied Processes
  • Z87.1 Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection
  • Z88.2 Respiratory Protection
  • Z89.1 Requirements for Industrial Head Protection
  • Z117.1 Safety Requirements for Confined Spaces
  • Z359.1 Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components

National Fire Protection Association

  • NFPA 1 Fire Code
  • NFPA 10 Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers
  • NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
  • NFPA 37 Standard for the Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines
  • NFPA 70 National Electrical Code®
  • NFPA 101 Life Safety Code®
  • NFPA 326 Standard for Safeguarding of Tanks and Containers for Entry, Cleaning, or Repair
  • NFPA 400 Hazardous Materials Code
  • NFPA 2112 Standard on Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel Against Flash Fire
  • NFPA 2113 Standard on Selection, Care, Use, and Maintenance of Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel Against Flash Fire