- Part Number:1910
- Part Number Title:Occupational Safety and Health Standards
- Subpart:1910 Subpart D
- Subpart Title:Walking-Working Surfaces
- Standard Number:
- Title:Duty to have fall protection and falling object protection.
- GPO Source:
When employers are inspecting, investigating, or assessing workplace conditions or work to be performed prior to the start of work or after all work has been completed. This exemption does not apply when fall protection systems or equipment meeting the requirements of § 1910.29 have been installed and are available for workers to use for pre-work and post-work inspections, investigations, or assessments;
Protection from fall hazards -
When the employer can demonstrate that it is not feasible or creates a greater hazard to use guardrail, safety net, or personal fall protection systems on residential roofs, the employer must develop and implement a fall protection plan that meets the requirements of 29 CFR 1926.502(k) and training that meets the requirements of 29 CFR 1926.503(a) and (c).
Note to paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section:
There is a presumption that it is feasible and will not create a greater hazard to use at least one of the above-listed fall protection systems specified in paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section. Accordingly, the employer has the burden of establishing that it is not feasible or creates a greater hazard to provide the fall protection systems specified in paragraph (b)(1)(i) and that it is necessary to implement a fall protection plan that complies with § 1926.502(k) in the particular work operation, in lieu of implementing any of those systems.
Each employee is protected from falling into a stairway floor hole by a fixed guardrail system on all exposed sides, except at the stairway entrance. However, for any stairway used less than once per day where traffic across the stairway floor hole prevents the use of a fixed guardrail system (e.g., holes located in aisle spaces), the employer may protect employees from falling into the hole by using a hinged floor hole cover that meets the criteria in § 1910.29 and a removable guardrail system on all exposed sides, except at the entrance to the stairway.
Each employee is protected from falling through a hatchway and chute-floor hole by:
Posts readily visible caution signs that meet the requirements of § 1910.145 and state “Caution - Open Pit.”
Each flight of stairs having at least 3 treads and at least 4 risers is equipped with stair rail systems and handrails as follows:
|Stair width||Enclosed||One open side||Two open sides||With earth built up on both sides|
|Less than 44 inches (1.1 m).||At least one handrail||One stair rail system with handrail on open side.||One stair rail system each open side.|
|44 inches (1.1 m) to 88 inches (2.2 m).||One handrail on each enclosed side||One Stair rail system with handrail on open side and one handrail on enclosed side.||One stair rail system with handrail on each open side.|
|Greater than 88 inches (2.2 m).||One handrail on each enclosed side and one intermediate handrail located in the middle of the stair||One stair rail system with handrail on open side, one handrail on enclosed side, and one intermediate handrail located in the middle of the stair.||One stair rail system with handrail on each open side and one intermediate handrail located in the middle of the stair.|
|Exterior stairs less than 44 inches (1.1 m).||One handrail on least one side.|
|Note to table: The width of the stair must be clear of all obstructions except handrails.|
Walking-working surfaces not otherwise addressed. Except as provided elsewhere in this section or by other subparts of this part, the employer must ensure each employee on a walking-working surface 4 feet (1.2 m) or more above a lower level is protected from falling by:
[39 FR 23502, June 27, 1974, as amended at 43 FR 49746, Oct. 24, 1978; 49 FR 5321, Feb. 10, 1984; 53 FR 12121, Apr. 12, 1988; 81 FR 82991-82994, Nov. 18, 2016]