Fall Protection

Standards

Fall protection, for activities not in the construction industry, is addressed in specific standards for the general industry and maritime. This section highlights OSHA standards and documents related to fall protection.

OSHA Standards
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
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1910 Subpart D - Walking-Working Surfaces

1910.23, Ladders.

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1910.25, Stairways.

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1910.26, Dockboards.

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1910.27, Scaffolds and rope descent systems.

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1910 Subpart F - Powered Platforms, Manlifts, and Vehicle-Mounted Work Platforms

1910.66, Powered platforms for building maintenance. See Appendix A, Guidelines (Advisory).

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1910.67, Vehicle-mounted elevating and rotating work platforms.

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1910.68, Manlifts.

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1910 Subpart I - Personal Protective Equipment

1910.132, General requirements.

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1910.140, Personal fall protection systems.

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1910 Subpart R - Special Industries

1910.268, Telecommunications.

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1910.269, Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution.

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Maritime (29 CFR 1915, 1917, 1918)
Maritime (29 CFR 1915, 1917, 1918)
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1915 Subpart E

1915.71, Scaffolds or staging.

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1915.72, Ladders.

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1915.73, Guarding of deck openings and edges.

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1915.74, Access to vessels.

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1915.75, Access to and guarding of dry docks and marine railways.

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1915.76, Access to cargo spaces and confined spaces.

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1915.77, Working surfaces.

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1915 Subpart I - Personal Protective Equipment

1915.158, Lifesaving equipment.

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1915.159, Personal fall arrest systems (PFAS).

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1915.160, Positioning device systems.

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1915 Subpart I App B, General Testing Conditions and Additional Guidelines for Personal Fall Protection Systems (Non-mandatory)

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1917 Subpart B - Marine Terminal Operations

1917.12, Slippery conditions.

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1917.26, First aid and lifesaving facilities.

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1917 Subpart E

1917.95, Other protective measures.

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1917 Subpart F - Terminal Facilities

1917.112, Guarding of edges.

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1917.115, Platforms and skids.

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1917.116, Elevators and escalators.

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1917.117, Manlifts.

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1917.118, Fixed ladders.

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1917.119, Portable ladders.

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1917.120, Fixed stairways.

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1917.121, Spiral stairways.

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1917.124, Dockboards (car and bridge plates).

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1917.125, Guarding temporary hazards.

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1918 Subpart C - Gangways and Other Means of Access

1918.22, Gangways.

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1918.23, Jacob's ladders.

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1918.24, Fixed and portable ladders.

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1918.25, Bridge plates and ramps (See also §1918.86).

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1918.26, Access to barges and river towboats.

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1918 Subpart D - Specialized Terminals

1918.31, Hatch coverings.

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1918.32, Stowed cargo and temporary landing surfaces.

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1918.33, Deck loads.

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1918.34, Other decks.

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1918.35, Open hatches.

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1918.37, Barges.

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1918 Subpart H

1918.85, Containerized cargo operations.

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1918.87, Ship's cargo elevators.

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1918 Subpart I

1918.97, First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See Appendix V of this part).

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1918 Subpart J - Personal Protective Equipment

1918.105, Other protective measures.

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Construction

For construction-specific information, see the Fall protection - construction standards section.

State Standards

There are 28 OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

Additional Federal Register notices

Note: The notices in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

Additional Directives

Note: The "Directives" bullets above link to directives related to each OSHA standard. The directives in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

General Industry

Maritime Industry

  • Shipyard Employment "Tool Bag" Directive. CPL 02-00-162, (May 22, 2019). Provides OSHA offices, interested industry representatives, State Plan programs and federal agencies with guidance concerning the application of occupational safety and health standards in shipyard employment. Also, this instruction provides current information and ensures the consistent enforcement of OSHA's shipyard employment standards (29 CFR Part 1915).
  • Longshoring and Marine Terminal "Tool Shed" Directive. CPL 02-00-154, (July 31, 2012). Provides information and instruction relating to the marine cargo handling industry.
Additional Letters of Interpretation

Note: The letters in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

Electric Power Industry

National Consensus Standards and Recommendations from Other Professional Organizations
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
  • ANSI/ASSE A1264.1, Safety Requirements for Workplace Walking/Working Surfaces and Their Access; Workplace Floor, Wall and Roof Openings; Stairs and Guardrail Systems. Sets forth safety requirements for areas where danger exists of persons or objects falling through floor or wall openings, platforms, runways, ramps, and fixed stairs, in normal, temporary, and emergency conditions. This standard applies to industrial and workplace situations and is not intended to apply to construction, residential, or commercial occupancies except where necessary maintenance or work station access may be required.
  • ANSI/IWCA 1-14.1, Window Cleaning Safety. International Window Cleaning Association (IWCA). Serves as a guide for window cleaners, regulatory agencies, manufacturers, architects, consultants, designers and building owners. Part A focuses on safety guidelines for the use of window cleaning access equipment. Part B is geared toward those who manufacture, distribute, design, install or maintain the equipment.
  • ANSI/ASSE A10.8, Scaffolding Safety Requirements
  • ANSI ASC A14.1, American National Standards for Ladders - Wood Safety Requirements
  • ANSI ASC A14.2, American National Standards for Ladders - Portable Metal- Safety Requirements
  • ANSI ASC A14.3, American National Standards for Ladders - Fixed - Safety Requirements
  • ANSI ASC A14.4, American National Standards Safety Requirements for Job Made Wooden Ladders
  • ANSI ASC A14.5, American National Standards for Ladders - Portable Reinforced Plastic Safety Requirements
  • ANSI ASC A14.7, American National Standard for Mobile Ladder Stands and Mobile Ladder Stand Platforms
  • ANSl/SAIA A92.2, American National Standard for Vehicle-Mounted Elevating and Rotating Aerial Devices
  • ANSI/SAIA A92.3, American National Standard for Manually Propelled Elevating Aerial Platforms
  • ANSI/SAIA A92.5, American National Standard Boom-Supported Elevating Work Platforms
  • ANSI/SAIA A92.6, Self-Propelled Elevating Work Platforms
  • ANSl/SIA A92.8, Vehicle-Mounted Bridge Inspection and Maintenance Devices
  • ANSl/SAIA A92.10, Transport Platforms
  • ANSI/ITSDF B56.1, Safety Standard for Low Lift and High Lift Trucks
  • ANSI/ASSE Z359.0, Definition and Nomenclature Used for Fall Protection and Fall Arrest.
  • ANSI/ASSE Z359.1, Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Component. Establishes requirements for the performance, design, marking, qualification, instruction, training, inspection, use, maintenance, and removal from service of connectors, full body harnesses, lanyards, energy absorbers, anchorage connectors, fall arresters, vertical lifelines, and self-retracting lanyards comprising personal fall arrest systems for users within the capacity range of 130 to 310 pounds (59 to 140 kg).
  • ANSI/ASSE Z359.2, Minimum Requirements for a Comprehensive Managed Fall Protection Program
  • ANSl/ASSE Z359.3, Safety Requirements for Positioning and Travel Restraint Systems
  • ANSI/ASSE Z359.4, Safety Requirements for Assisted-Rescue and Self-Rescue Systems, Subsystems and Components
  • ANSl/ASSE Z359.6, Specifications and Design Requirements for Active Fall Protection SystemsANSI/ASSE Z359.7-2011, Qualification and Verification Testing of Fall Protection Products
  • ANSI/ASSE Z359.12, Connecting Components for Personal Fall Arrest System
  • ANSI/ASSE Z359.13, Personal Energy Absorbers and Energy Absorbing Lanyards
  • ANSI/ASSE Z359.14, Self-Retracting Devices for Fall Arrest and Rescue Systems
  • ANSI/ASSE Z359.15, Safety Requirements for Single Anchor Lifelines and Fall Arresters for Personal Fall Arrest and Rescue Systems
  • CSA Z259.14, Fall Restrict Equipment for Wood Pole Climbing
  • ASTM F887-11, Standard Specifications for Personal Climbing Equipment