Gas Fired Lead Pot Canopy Hood
Oxide Drum Filling Local Exhaust Ventilation
Oxide Barrel Filling Local Exhaust Ventilation
Toxic Material Belt Conveying Head Pulley
Conveyor Belt Ventilation
Screw Conveyor Components
Drag Link Conveyor Configurations (Part 1)
Drag Link Conveyor Configurations (Part 2)
Paste Mixing Testing Station
Ventilated Tamping Stand
Lead Pot and Dross Hood
Scrap Pot and Dross Hood
Scrap Handling Barrel/Drum Exhaust Hood
Pasting Station with Combined Supplied Air Island (SAI) and Exhaust
Integrated Controls Plate Take-Off Operation
Detail A Integrated Controls Plate Take-Off Hood
Detail B Integrated Controls Plate Take-Off Lug Breaking Hood
Detail C Integrated Controls Plate Take-Off Rotary Stacking Table with Conveyor
Detail D Integrated Controls Plate Take-Off Supplied Air Island
Plate Parting Transition Hood Between Flash Drier and Take Off
Plate Storage Rack Hood
Pasting Take-Off Work Station Hood
Parting Station Band Saw Ventilation
Surface Grinder with Captor Hood
Plate Wrapping Station (Industrial)
Stacking Table Single Exhaust Booth Hood
Slant Stacking Station (Industrial)
Cast on Strap Machine (Farmer) Total Enclosure with Exhaust
Cast on Strap Machine (Dynacast II) Emission Controls
Group Drop Tamping/Burner Hood
Stack and Burn Bench Hood
Tiegel Machine Enclosure Assembly
Tiegel Anchor Sinking Station
Post Tacking Portable Hood (HVLV)
Dry Type Dust Collectors Dust Disposal
Dry Type Dust Collectors Discharge Valves (Part 1)
Dry Type Dust Collectors Discharge Valves (Part 2)
Flexible Exhaust Connections
Typical System Layout Low Volume/High Velocity
Hood for Cup Type Surface Grinder and Wire Brushes
Supplied Air Island
Central Vacuum System
Plan View of Central Vacuum System
Elevation View of Central Vacuum System
Schematic View of Central Vacuum System
Boot Wash Station
Shoe Cleaning Machine
Clothes Cleaning Air Shower
Paste Mixer with Supplied Air Island above Testing Station
Intercell Burning Backdraft Hood
Lead: Battery Manufacturing eTool
Plate Processing » Handling and Transport
Handling and transporting of materials is an essential part of the battery manufacturing process. Materials are primarily transported through the use of mobile equipment (forklifts). Proper operator training, prudent work practices, and good housekeeping are key in minimizing lead emissions during mobile equipment operation. Conversely, careless equipment operation coupled with inadequate housekeeping can lead to serious lead exposure throughout the plant.
Potential Sources of Exposure
- Lead dust from feed materials can become airborne during handling and transport (Figure 1).
- Lead dust that has settled on surfaces and equipment may become airborne due to vehicle traffic and cross-drafts.
Possible Engineering and Work Practice Controls
- Reduce vehicle speeds to minimize stirring up settled dust.
- Clean the inside and outside of mobile equipment frequently.
- Periodically clean floor surfaces to reduce accumulation of lead dust.
- Pave all roadways to facilitate housekeeping.
- If it is determined that lead dust is coming from mobile equipment or is from adjacent areas, evaluate material handling patterns and practices and area isolation.
- Provide dedicated fork lifts for clean and dirty areas to avoid cross contamination.
- Raise and lower loads gently to prevent jarring.
- Vacuum any skid, pallet, tub, or other conveyance that holds or has held plates before moving.
- Vehicle accidents may occur during the material transport, which may release contaminated material throughout the plant.
- Ensure that each vehicle is equipped with hazard lights and audible horns.
- Ensure that loading and receiving docks are clearly marked and lighted.
- Write schedules for all drivers and operators, to minimize "surprises."