transporting of materials is an essential part of the battery manufacturing process. Materials
are primarily transported through the use of mobile equipment (forklifts). Proper operator training,
prudent work practices, and good housekeeping are key in minimizing lead emissions during mobile equipment operation. Conversely, careless equipment operation coupled with inadequate housekeeping can lead to serious lead exposure throughout the plant.
Potential Sources of
Figure 1. Forklift transporting materials
Figure 2. Hand truck
Possible Engineering and Work Practice
- Lead dust from feed materials can become airborne during handling and transport
- Lead dust that has
settled on surfaces and equipment may become airborne
due to vehicle traffic and cross-drafts.
- Reduce vehicle speeds to minimize stirring up
the inside and outside of mobile equipment
clean floor surfaces to
reduce accumulation of
- Pave all roadways to facilitate
- If it is determined that lead dust is coming from mobile equipment or is from adjacent areas, evaluate material handling patterns and practices and area isolation.
dedicated fork lifts for
clean and dirty areas to
avoid cross contamination.
- Raise and lower loads gently to prevent
- Vacuum any skid, pallet, tub, or other conveyance
that holds or has held plates before
- Vehicle accidents may occur during the
material transport, which
may release contaminated material throughout the plant.
- Ensure that each vehicle is equipped with hazard lights and audible
- Ensure that loading and receiving docks are clearly marked and lighted.
- Write schedules for all drivers and operators, to minimize