Laboratories

Standards

There are several specific OSHA standards that apply to laboratories as well as other OSHA standards that apply to various aspects of laboratory activities. This section highlights OSHA standards and documents related to laboratories.

OSHA Standards
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
Related Information

1910 Subpart I - Personal Protective Equipment

1910.132, General requirements.

Related Information

1910.133, Eye and face protection.

Related Information

1910.134, Respiratory Protection.

Related Information

1910 Subpart J - General Environmental Controls

1910.147, The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout).

Related Information

1910 Subpart Z - Toxic and Hazardous Substances

1910.1450, Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories.

Related Information

1910.1200, Hazard Communication.

Related Information

1910.1000, Air contaminants.

Related Information

1910.1000 TABLE Z-1, TABLE Z-1 Limits for Air Contaminants.

Related Information

1910.1048, Formaldehyde.

Related Information

1910.1030, Bloodborne pathogens.

Related Information
State Standards

There are 28 OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

National Consensus Standards

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

  • ANSI/American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) - Z9. Ventilation Package. The Ventilation Package establishes minimum control requirements and ventilation system design criteria for controlling and removing air contaminants. It particularly addresses airborne contaminants during open surface tank operations, laboratory ventilation and industrial process exhaust systems. This package contains all parts of ANSI/AIHA Z9.
    • ANSI Z9.5 – Laboratory ventilation.
    • ANSI Z9.11 – Laboratory decommissioning.
  • ANSI/American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 110. Method of Testing the Performance of Laboratory Hoods. Specifies a quantitative test procedure for evaluation of a laboratory fume hood. A tracer gas is released at prescribed rates and positions in the hood and monitored in the breathing zone of a mannequin at the face of the hood. Based on the release rate of the tracer gas and average exposure to the mannequin, a performance rating is achieved.

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards

  • NFPA 45, Standard on Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals. Applies to laboratories in which hazardous chemicals are handled or stored.