Young Worker Safety in Restaurants
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Child Labor Laws State Laws
Other Resources Fair Labor Standards Act
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This section may be of interest to the young worker but is provided mainly for the employer. Other sections of this eTool reference this area for more information. The following topics will be covered:

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Safety Poster
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Child Labor Laws
Potential Hazard

Without child labor laws, youth workers may not be protected from working long hours or from exposure to the hazards of working at dangerous jobs. Child labor laws include both state and federal laws.
Child Labor Laws
Possible Solutions

Employer Solutions
Employers have the primary responsibility for protecting the safety and health of their workers. Young workers are responsible for following the safe work practices of their employers.

Follow the Law including:

Adolescent workers are protected by two laws enforced by the Department of Labor (DOL):
Young workers
  • The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), and the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH) Act. Each state also has child labor laws.
    • Employers must comply with both federal and state laws. When federal and state standards are different, the rules that provide the most protection to youth workers will apply.
  • The FLSA and state laws provide child labor provisions that were designed to protect minors in non-agricultural and agricultural employment by restricting the types of jobs and the number of hours they may work.

  • The OSH Act ensures that employers provide a safe and healthful work environment and comply with occupational safety and health standards found in 29 CFR, Part 1910. This includes:
    • Employers must provide appropriate personal protective equipment (such as gloves, aprons, and foot protection) to help protect young workers from identified hazards [1910.132(a)].
    • Employers must make any young workers exposed to hazardous materials aware of the hazards and train them to protect themselves from these hazards [1910.1200 Hazard Communication Standard].
    • Employers must display a poster prepared by the DOL or your state labor department informing young workers of the protections of the Occupational Safety and Health Act P.L. 91-596, December 29, 1970 and its amendments.
Book For more information on Resources see - State Law, or Fair Labor Standards Act.

Additional Information:

  • YouthRules! Department of Labor webpage for youth.

  • Employer Self Assessment Tools. The U. S. Department of Labors Wage and Hour Division produced these self assessment tools to help employers comply with the youth employment provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. They reflect what the Wage and Hour Division's experience has shown to be some of the most common problems encountered in your industry. You can use these tools to help evaluate your firm's level of compliance. You are not required to use these tools, but we believe you will find it helpful in preventing problems and achieving compliance with the Federal youth employment provisions.
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