Young Worker Safety in Restaurants
Delivery Worker - Strains and Sprains / Freezers
Delivery Worker - Slips/Trips/Falls / Heat and Cold Exposure

The Delivery area of a restaurant offers young workers an opportunity for developing skills in communication, material handling, and inventory control. Young workers in this area may also be exposed to the following hazards:
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Safety Poster
Heat and Cold Exposure
Potential Hazard

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Delivery locations are typically located in outdoor areas that are subject to extreme seasonal weather and temperatures. 

The following conditions can occur if a worker is exposed to hot temperatures:
  • Heat exhaustion can result in headaches, dizziness, light-headedness, weakness, mood changes, feeling sick to your stomach, pale clammy skin, vomiting, and fainting.

  • Heat stroke leads to dry, pale skin, mood changes, seizure, collapse, and possible death.
The following conditions can occur if a worker is exposed to cold temperatures:
  • Frostbite is the freezing of deep skin tissue layers and leads to hardening and numbing of the skin. It usually affects the fingers, hands, toes, feet, ears, and nose.

  • Hypothermia occurs when the body's temperature falls below 95 degrees F. The person becomes tired and drowsy, begins to shiver uncontrollably, moves clumsily, and is irritable and confused. As the hypothermia progresses, the victim's speech becomes slurred, his or her behavior may become irrational, and unconsciousness and full heart failure can occur. 

Possible Solutions

Young Worker Solutions
Employers have the primary responsibility for protecting the safety and health of their workers. Employees are responsible for following the safe work practices of their employers. 
Wear warm clothes, gloves, and a hat if working in cold temperatures
Wear warm clothes, gloves, and a hat if working in cold temperatures
  • Seek medical help for cold- and heat-related stresses.
    • Lower the employee's body temperature in heat-related conditions and raise the employee's body temperature in cold-related conditions to prevent the progression of symptoms.

  • Schedule deliveries during appropriate times of the day (for example, at cooler times during hot summer-like weather).

  • Perform work during either the cooler or warmer times of the day.

  • Use the "buddy" system (work in pairs).

  • Drink plenty of cool water in warm, hot weather.

  • Drink warm beverages in cold weather.

  • Wear appropriate clothing (hat and light, loose-fitting, breathable clothing in warm, hot weather OR warm, layered clothing in cold weather, including hat and gloves). In cold weather, pay special attention to protecting feet, hands, face, and head. Up to 40 percent of body heat can be lost when the head is exposed.

  • Apply sunscreen on sunny days.

  • Take frequent, short breaks indoors to cool off or warm up.

  • Avoid exhaustion or overworking, because energy is needed to keep muscles warm.

  • Educate employees to recognize and seek medical help for workers that have symptoms of cold-and-heat related stresses.

Book For more information on heat hazards, see Cooking - Heat Hazards.

Additional Resources:

Accessibility Assistance: Contact the OSHA Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.

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