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Standards and Enforcement

The following sections highlight OSHA standards, directives, standard interpretations, and national consensus standards that pertain to the oil and gas extraction industry. State and other federal standards are also highlighted, and links to industry organizations are provided.

OSHA Standards

The General Duty Clause of the OSH Act (the law that created OSHA) requires employers to provide workers with a safe workplace that does not have any recognized hazards that cause or are likely to cause death or serious injury. Exposures to hazards present in the oil and gas well drilling, servicing, and storage industry are addressed in specific standards for general industry.

As mentioned in the standard interpretation letter, Applicability of 29 CFR 1926 to oil and gas well drilling and servicing operations (2009, April 27), site preparation is the only aspect of oil and gas well drilling and servicing operations covered by 29 CFR 1926. Site preparation includes activities such as leveling the site, trenching, and excavation. All other aspects of oil and gas well drilling and servicing operations are covered by 29 CFR 1910; when a serious hazard exists in the workplace that is not addressed by a specific OSHA standard, Section 5(a)(l) ("General Duty Clause") of the OSH Act applies.

General Industry (29 CFR 1910)

Physical Work Environment, Subparts D and E

Powered Platforms, Manlifts, and Vehicle-mounted Work Platforms, Subpart F

  • Powered platforms for building maintenance 1910.66
  • Personal fall arrest system (section I-mandatory; sections II and III-non-mandatory) Appendix C

Environmental Controls, Subparts G and J

Personal Protective Equipment, Subpart I

Toxic and Hazardous Materials, Subparts H and Z

Materials Handling and Storage, Subpart N

Fire Protection and Welding, Subparts L and Q

Machinery: Large and Small, Subparts O and P

Electrical, Subpart S

Construction (29 CFR 1926)
  • Welding and Cutting - Subpart J
  • Electrical - Subpart K
  • Scaffolds - Subpart L
  • Fall Protection - Subpart M
  • Helicopters, Hoists, Elevators, and Conveyers - Subpart N
  • Excavations - Subpart P
  • Cranes and Derricks in Construction - Subpart CC

Frequently Cited Standards

OSHA maintains a listing of the most frequently cited standards for specified 2 to 6-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes. Please refer to OSHA's Frequently Cited OSHA Standards page for additional information. For oil and gas industry use NAICS code 21 in the NAICS search box.

  • Oil and Gas Field Services Industry Group (NAICS Code 213111)
  • Crude Petroleum and Natural Gas (NAICS Code 211111)
  • Drilling Oil and Gas Wells (NAICS Code 213111)
  • Oil and Gas Field Exploration Services (NAICS Code 213112)
  • Oil and Gas Field Services, Not Elsewhere Classified (NAICS Code 213112)
OSHA Directives

General

  • Local Emphasis Program on Oil and Gas Operations (PDF*). CPL 2-07-13E, (2011, October 1).

Hazardous Chemicals

Silica

Struck-by

Search all available directives for oil and gas.

Other Federal Standards

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM)

  • 10 CFR 39 Licenses and Radiation Safety Requirements for Well Logging

Research and Special Programs Administration

General

  • 49 CFR 171 General Information, Regulations, and Definitions
  • 49 CFR 172 Hazardous Materials Table, Special Provisions, Hazardous Materials Communications, Emergency Response Information, Training Requirements and Security Plans
  • 49 CFR 173 Shippers-General Requirements for Shipments and Packagings
  • 49 CFR 177 Carriage by Public Highway
  • 49 CFR 178 Specifications for Packagings

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives

Fire and Explosion

State Requirements

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

California

  • Title 8; Chapter 4, Division of Industrial Safety
    • State Standards

      Twenty-five states, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands have OSHA-approved State Plans, which are required to be at least as effective as Federal OSHA, but may adopt their own standards and enforcement policies. However, most have adopted standards that are identical to Federal OSHA. Other federal standards related to agricultural operations are included for reference.

    • Subchapter 14: Petroleum Safety Orders-Drilling and Production

Alaska

Texas

  • Title 16; Economic Regulation; Part 1, Railroad Commission of Texas

Utah

Wyoming

National Consensus Standards

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

American National Standards Institute/American Society of Safety Engineers

  • Z41 Personal Protection-Protective Footwear
  • Z49.1 Safety in Welding and Cutting and Allied Processes
  • Z87.1 Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection
  • Z88.2 Respiratory Protection
  • Z89.1 Requirements for Industrial Head Protection
  • Z117.1 Safety Requirements for Confined Spaces
  • Z359.1 Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components

National Fire Protection Association

  • NFPA 1 Fire Code
  • NFPA 10 Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers
  • NFPA 30 Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code
  • NFPA 37 Standard for the Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines
  • NFPA 70 National Electrical Code®
  • NFPA 101 Life Safety Code®
  • NFPA 326 Standard for Safeguarding of Tanks and Containers for Entry, Cleaning, or Repair
  • NFPA 400 Hazardous Materials Code
  • NFPA 2112 Standard on Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel Against Flash Fire
  • NFPA 2113 Standard on Selection, Care, Use, and Maintenance of Flame-Resistant Garments for Protection of Industrial Personnel Against Flash Fire

*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 639-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.

All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 639-2300.

**eBooks - EPUB is the most common format for e-Books. If you use a Sony Reader, a Nook, or an iPad you can download the EPUB file format. If you use a Kindle, you can download the MOBI file format.

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