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Job Safety Analysis (JSA)
General Safety and Health >> Safety and Health Program

Fig. 1. Welding with fire control
Fig. 1. Welding with fire control

Back to Top General Safety and Health Resources

Back to Top Slips, Trips, and Falls

There are many ways to protect from slips, trips, and falls. Even so, they still happen and the following are means to either prevent slips, trips, and falls or to minimize the consequences if they should happen.
  • Wear personal protective equipment (such as hard hats, work gloves, safety shoes, and eye protection).

  • Be aware of the slipping and falling hazards when working on the drilling floor, servicing rig floors or other platforms.

  • Keep all work areas clean and clear of oil, tools, and debris.

  • Use non-skid surfaces where appropriate.

  • Provide guardrails and guards around work areas that are prone to slips, trips, and falls.

  • Install, inspect, and secure stairs and handrails. [29 CFR 1926.1052]

  • Instruct workers on proper procedures for using and installing ladders.

  • Use only ladders in good repair that do not have missing rungs.

  • Do not install stairs with missing or damaged steps. Repair them before installing them.

  • Keep walkways clean and free of debris and tripping hazards. [29 CFR 1910.22]

  • Keep all cords and hoses orderly and clear of walking spaces.

  • Cover open cellars.

  • Conduct a pre-job inspection to identify, then eliminate or correct hazardous work surfaces.

  • Walking/Working Surfaces Standard requires [29 CFR 1910.22(a)(1)]: Keep all places of employment clean and in an orderly condition.

  • Keep aisles and passageways clear and in good repair, with no obstruction across or in aisles that could create a hazard [29 CFR 1910.22(b)(1)]. Provide floor plugs for equipment so power cords need not run across pathways.

  • Use waterproof footgear to decrease slip/fall hazards.
Additional Resources:
  • Walking/Working Surfaces. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
  • 29 CFR 1910.22, General requirements (Walking/working surfaces). OSHA Standard.
  • Small Business Handbook. OSHA Publication 2209-02R, (2005). Also available as a 260 KB PDF, 56 pages.

    Fall Protection
    • Fall Protection. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
    • ANSI Z359, Fall Protection Code.
      • Z359.0, Definitions and Nomenclature Used for Fall Protection and Fall Arrest
      • Z359.1, Safety Requirements for Personal Fall Arrest Systems, Subsystems and Components
      • Z359.2, Minimum Requirements for a Comprehensive Managed Fall Protection Program
      • Z359.3, Safety Requirements for Positioning and Travel Restraint Systems
      • Z359.4, Safety Requirements for Assisted-Rescue and Self-Rescue
        Systems, Subsystems and Components
    • Construction. OSHA eTool.

Back to Top Strains and Sprains

General solutions for strains and sprains include:
  • Use proper lifting technique.

  • Hoist slowly to limit pipe momentum.

  • Seek assistance when moving awkward and heavy guards and covers.

  • Use proper stance and slip-lifting techniques. Slips have three handles and should be lifted jointly by more than one person.

  • Use lifting equipment and limit manual positioning of elevators.

  • Practice proper hand placement and use of pullback (tail) ropes.
  • Use mechanical lifting aids, proper lifting techniques, and team lifting where appropriate.

  • Use proper hand and body positioning.

  • Ergonomics. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.

    • Hand Injury

    • Lifting

    • Repetitive motions

Back to Top Weather Conditions

Weather conditions can create hazardous working conditions: therefore it is necessary to monitor weather conditions and forecasts to allow time to prepare for such conditions as may occur. Lightning is especially hazardous and unpredictable. When lightning is present, crews must avoid situations where they could become part of potential current paths.

Accessibility Assistance: Contact the OSHA Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.

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