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Substation Equipment: Current Transformers

Current Transformers
Current transformers can be used to supply information for measuring power flows and the electrical inputs for the operation of protective relays associated with the transmission and distribution circuits or for power transformers. These current transformers have the primary winding connected in series with the conductor carrying the current to be measured or controlled. The secondary winding is thus insulated from the high voltage and can then be connected to low-voltage metering circuits.

Current transformers are also used for street lighting circuits. Street lighting requires a constant current to prevent flickering lights and a current transformer is used to provide that constant current. In this case the current transformer utilizes a moving secondary coil to vary the output so that a constant current is obtained.

Figure 1. Metering current transformers
Figure 1. Metering current transformers

Figure 2. Pole type constant current transformer
Figure 2. Pole type constant current transformer
Figure 3. 400 kV current transformer
Figure 3. 400 kV current transformer
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