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Computer Workstations eTool

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The following references were used for development of the eTool and may provide additional information on the subject. New materials are continually being developed, therefore, this should not be considered as an all-inclusive reference list.

  • Alternative Keyboards (PDF). US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-148, (1997). The purpose of alternative keyboards. What the difference is between alternative and regular keyboards. Information on whether alternative keyboards prevent injuries. What to do if you want to use an alternative keyboard. Ideas for preventing musculoskeletal injuries.
  • Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) and Workplace Factors. US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-141, (1997, July). Reviews epidemiologic evidence for work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the neck, upper extremely, and low back. This second printing incorporates a number of editorial changes, including grammar, formatting, and consistency issues that were identified in the first printing and are listed in the Note to the Reader.
  • Strategic Rests Breaks Reduce VDT Discomforts Without Impairing Productivity. National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH), (2000, May 22). Reports that short, strategically-spaced rest breaks can reduce eyestrain and musculoskeletal discomfort for VDT operators without decreasing productivity. These findings were published in the May 2000 issue of the scientific journal, Ergonomics.
  • Ergonomics. American Federation of Government Employees (AFGE). Discusses ergonomic hazards and simple steps you can take to avoid injury.
  • Office Ergonomics. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS). Covers topics from identifying ergonomic hazards to purchasing and adjusting VDT workstation equipment.
  • Cornell University Ergonomics Web. Focuses on ways to enhance usability by improving the ergonomic design of hardware, software, and workplaces, to enhance people's comfort, performance and health in an approach Cornell calls Ergotecture.
  • American Society of Safety Engineers Offers Ergonomic Tips for Businesses, Home. American Society of Safety Engineers (2002, March 28). Urges everyone to implement an effective ergonomic system in an effort to reduce accidents and injuries, and to increase safety, whether it be in a company office building or a home office.
  • Easy Ergonomics for Desktop Computer Users. Department of Industrial Relations, Cal/OSHA Consultation Service, Research and Education Unit. Identifies common desktop computer work station problems and explore some improvement goals.
  • The Keys to Healthy Computing: A Health and Safety Handbook. American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME). Describes describes musculoskeletal disorders that affect computer operators and includes information on solutions to health problems associated with computer use.
  • Ergonomic Resources - Office Ergonomics. Department of Environmental Health & Safety, University of Minnesota. Presents information on how to reduce specific ergonomic computer hazards and contains an extensive product database.

*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.

All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.

**eBooks - EPUB is the most common format for e-Books. If you use a Sony Reader, a Nook, or an iPad you can download the EPUB file format. If you use a Kindle, you can download the MOBI file format.

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