Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (VHFs)

Medical Response

It is a US Public Health Service requirement that all suspected viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) cases be reported to state and local health departments and the diagnoses confirmed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The preparedness of hospitals depends on the biological agent used in an attack. In an emergency, local medical care capacity will be supplemented with federal resources. The following references focus on the preparedness and response of the medical community in the event of a terrorist attack involving VHFs.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Treatment is available for some, but not all, VHFs. In the event of an outbreak, routine infection control procedures, isolation, and decontamination are usually enough to stop transmission. Patients receive supportive therapy, but generally speaking, there is no other treatment or established cure for VHFs.