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Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (VHFs)

Overview

In Focus: Ebola
Ebola virus
Frederick A. Murphy/CDC

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is experiencing a significant, ongoing Ebola outbreak. OSHA's Ebola webpage provides a comprehensive source of information for protecting workers from exposure to the Ebola virus, including airline crews who travel to affected regions.

Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a group of diseases caused by ribonucleic acid (RNA) viruses from four distinct families. These diseases include Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever, Lassa fever, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, and Yellow Fever. Symptoms vary with the disease, but often include fever, fatigue, and muscle aches. There may be bleeding, although death from blood loss is rare. Severe cases can include shock and coma. Although some types of VHFs are relatively mild illnesses, many of them can cause severe, life-threatening disease with high fatality rates.

Along with smallpox, anthrax, plague, botulism, and tularemia, hemorrhagic fever viruses are among the six agents identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as the most likely to be used as biological weapons. Many VHFs can cause severe, life-threatening disease with high fatality rates.

Standards

OSHA standards do not specifically address viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs).

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Hazard Recognition

Provides references to aid in recognizing disease characteristics and hazards associated with VHFs.

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Medical Response

Provides references that focus on the preparedness and response of the medical community in the event of a terrorist attack involving VHFs.

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Control and Prevention

Includes references that provide information about the control and prevention of exposures to VHFs.

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Additional Resources

Provides links and references to additional resources related to VHFs.

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In Focus: Ebola
Ebola virus
Frederick A. Murphy/CDC

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is experiencing a significant, ongoing Ebola outbreak. OSHA's Ebola webpage provides a comprehensive source of information for protecting workers from exposure to the Ebola virus, including airline crews who travel to affected regions.