Oil and Gas Well Drilling, Servicing and Storage - Storage Tanks


Exposures to hazards present in the petroleum and petrochemical industry are addressed in specific OSHA standards for general industry. This section highlights OSHA standards and documents related to oil and gas well drilling, servicing and storage - storage tanks.

OSHA Standards

Frequently Cited Standards

OSHA maintains a listing of the most frequently cited standards for specified 6-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes. Please refer to OSHA’s Frequently Cited OSHA Standards page for additional information. For Drilling Oil and Gas Wells and Support Activities for Oil and Gas Operations, use NAICS code 213111 and 213112 in the NAICS search box.

Other Highlighted Standards

General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
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1910 Subpart D - Walking-Working Surfaces

1910.25, Stairways.

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1910 Subpart E - Exit Routes and Emergency Planning

1910.38, Emergency action plans.

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1910 Subpart G - Occupational Health and Environmental Control

1910.95, Occupational noise exposure.

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1910 Subpart H - Hazardous Materials

1910.106, Flammable liquids.

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1910.119, Process safety management of highly hazardous chemicals.

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1910.120, Hazardous waste operations and emergency response.

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1910 Subpart I - Personal Protective Equipment

1910.134, Respiratory protection.

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1910 Subpart J - General Environmental Controls

1910.141, Sanitation.

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1910.146, Permit-required confined spaces.

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1910.147, The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout). See Appendix A for information related to Oil and Gas Well Drilling, Servicing and Storage.

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1910 Subpart L - Fire Protection

1910.165, Employee alarm systems.

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1910 Subpart Q - Welding, Cutting and Brazing

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1910 Subpart Z - Toxic and Hazardous Substances

1910.1025, Lead.

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1910.1028, Benzene.

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1910.1200, Hazard Communication.

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Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)
Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)
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1926 Subpart C - General Safety and Health Provisions

1926.26, Illumination.

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State Plan Standards

There are 29 OSHA-approved State Plans operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

Additional Directives

Note: The directives in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

Additional Information

See also the OSHA Technical Manual Section 4 - Chapter 2 for Petroleum Refining Processes.

Additional Letters of Interpretation

Note: The letters in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

National Consensus

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE)

  • Z117.1 Safety Requirements for Confined Spaces

American Petroleum Institute (API)

API develops standards that identify and support proven, sound engineering and operating practices, and safe, interchangeable equipment and materials, for use in the petroleum industry. API is an accredited Standards Developing Organization that meets the due process requirements of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).

  • API 650, Welded Tanks for Oil Storage, 11th Edition, Addendum 2, November, 2009.
  • API 653, Tank Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction, 4th Edition, Addendum 1, August 2010.
  • API 2015, Requirements for Safe Entry and Cleaning of Petroleum Storage Tanks, Sixth Edition, August 2001

National Fire Protection Association

  • 326, Standard for the Safeguarding of Tanks and Containers for Entry, Cleaning, or Repair. (2005) Edition.

Steel Tank Institute

  • SP001, 4th Edition, July 2006, "Standard for the Inspection of Aboveground Storage Tanks"
  • SP031, 4th Edition, November 2008, "Standard for Repair of Shop Fabricated Aboveground Tanks for Storage of Combustible & Flammable Liquids"