Foodborne diseases are the illnesses contracted from eating contaminated food or beverages. Illnesses include foodborne intoxications and infections, which are often incorrectly referred to as food poisoning. There are many different foodborne diseases that are caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, toxins, metals, and prions. Symptoms of foodborne illness range from mild gastroenteritis to life-threatening neurologic, hepatic, and renal syndromes.
Botulism, Brucellosis, Campylobacter enteritis, Escherichia coli, Hepatitis A, Listeriosis, Salmonellosis, Shigellosis, Toxoplasmosis, Viral gastroenteritis, Taeniasis and Trichinosis are examples of foodborne diseases.
The quality of food, and controls used to prevent foodborne diseases, are primarily regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and local public health authorities. These diseases may be occupationally related if they affect the food processors (e.g., poultry processing workers), food preparers and servers (e.g., cooks, waiters), or workers who are provided food at the worksite.
Foodborne disease is addressed in specific OSHA standards for general industry and construction.
Evaluation and Investigation
Provides references that may aid in the evaluation of potential foodborne disease outbreaks.
- CJD (Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, Classic). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Provides information on CJD and links to related topics.
- Expanded "Mad Cow" Safeguards Announced to Strengthen Existing Firewalls Against BSE Transmission. News Release, (January 28, 2004).
- Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in a Dairy Cow --- Washington State, 2003. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 52(53); 1280-1285, (January 9, 2004).
- Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and Cosmetics. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
- Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). Provides references to current BSE issues, trade initiatives, and general BSE information.
- Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Resources. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) Fact Sheets. Provides links to news releases and transcripts relating to BSE.