Shipyard Employment eTool
Shipyard Employment >> Fire Protection
The following information has been developed to help employers and employees develop an effective fire protection program. This involves protecting shipyard employment workers from fire hazards while conducting ship repair, shipbuilding, shipbreaking, and related work activities as well as firefighting activities. Many of the basic tasks involved in shipyard employment, such as welding, grinding, and cutting metal with torches, provide an ignition source for fires.
There are also many combustible materials on vessels and in shipyards, including flammable fuels, cargo, wood structures, building materials, and litter. When torches are used in confined or enclosed spaces, accidents resulting in oxygen-enriched atmospheres can cause normally fire-resistant materials to readily burn. When fires do occur, employees are often working in confined or enclosed spaces making escape difficult or impossible. Fires in such confined or enclosed spaces can also result in atmospheres of combustible gases, toxic fumes, or oxygen-deficient air or super-heated air.
- that their fire safety plans are compatible (include hazards, controls, fire safety and health rules, and emergency procedures), and
- that all employees are familiar with the plan.
- that the plan is accessible to all employees.
This chapter includes:
- Fire Safety Plan
- Precautions for Hot Work
- Fire Watches
- Fire Response
- Fixed Fire Extinguishing System Hazards on Board Vessel
- Land-side Fire Protection Systems
- Fire Protection FAQs. OSHA, Directorate of Enforcement Programs (2006).
- Multi-Employer Citation Policy. OSHA Directive CPL 02-00-124 [CPL 2-0.124], (December 10, 1991).
- NFPA 312-2006, Fire Protection of Vessels during construction, repair or lay-up. National Fire Protection Association, (2006).
- Examining Fatal Shipyard Accidents - Volume 1. OSHA Video, (2005).
- Accident Examination 3 - Painting in Confined Space Causes Fire - 2 Fatalities
- Shipyard Welder Ignites Hydraulic Fluid and Is Fatally Burned. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) Program, Oregon Case Report 03OR022, (2003).