Shipyard Employment eTool
Fire Protection >> Fire Safety Plan
A fire safety plan that covers all actions that should be taken must be developed and implemented to ensure employee safety in the event of a fire. [1915.502(a)] A fire safety plan provides workers with information and guidelines to assist them in recognizing, reporting and controlling fire hazards aboard marine vessels and structures within a shipyard.
- Contractor and subcontractor fire safety plans are not compatible.
- Inadequate communication.
- Information provided is not retained.
- All workers are not accounted for after evacuation.
- Safety plan not properly maintained/updated.
Requirements and Example Solutions
- To ensure employee safety in the event of a fire, a written fire and safety plan must be developed and implemented. [1915.502(a)]
- See Appendix A for a Model Fire Safety Plan.
The fire safety plan must include the following: [1915.502(b)]
- Identification of significant fire hazards.
- Procedures for recognizing and reporting unsafe conditions.
- Alarm procedures.
- Procedures for notifying employees of a fire emergency.
- Procedures for notifying fire response organizations of a fire emergency.
- Procedures for evacuation.
- Procedures to account for all employees after an evacuation.
- Names, job titles, or departments of individuals who can be contacted for further information about the plan.
- All employees must be trained on the fire safety plan. In addition, the plan must be reviewed with each employee at the following times: [1915.502(c)]
- Upon initial assignment for new employees.
- When the actions the employee must take under the plan change because of a change in duties or a change in the plan.
The employer must: [1915.502(d)]
- Keep the fire safety plan accessible to employees, employee representatives, and OSHA.
- Review and update the plan whenever necessary, but at least annually.
- Document that affected employees have been informed about the plan.
- Ensure that any outside fire response organization that the employer expects to respond to fires at the employer's worksite has been given a copy of the current plan.
- Contract employers in shipyard employment must have a fire safety plan for their employees. This plan must be compatible with the host employer's fire safety plan. [1915.502(e) and 1915.501(d)]
- Develop a generic plan for use by host employer and contractors.
- Subcontractors or supervisors are accountable for workers during evacuations.
- Subcontractors (visitors, vendors, vessel owners) or prime contactors need to comply with host employer's plan.
- Facility and prime contractor should provide all subcontractors a copy of their plan(s).
- Practice fire safety plan drills.
- Host and contractors review plan annually or any time there is a change. [1915.502(d)(2)]
- Ensure that local fire department has a copy of the plan.