• Record Type:
    OSHA Instruction
  • Current Directive Number:
    FAP 01-00-004
  • Old Directive Number:
    FAP 01-00-004
  • Title:
    FAA Air Traffic Control Tower Monitoring Program (AIRTRAF)
  • Information Date:
  • Standard Number:
Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.

OSHA INSTRUCTION

DIRECTIVE NUMBER: FAP 01-00-004 EFFECTIVE DATE: January 3, 2008
SUBJECT: FAA Air Traffic Control Tower Monitoring Program (AIRTRAF)


ABSTRACT

Purpose: This Instruction establishes a program and the procedures to be used to conduct monitoring inspections of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) owned and operated Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCTs). The inspections will be conducted to determine FAA's compliance with one of the following: 29 CFR 1910 Subpart E or The Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers established in 1998 per 29 CFR 1960.17 - Alternate Standards.

Scope: OSHA-wide

References: Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, Section 19; Executive Order 12196, February 26, 1980, Occupational Safety and Health Programs for Federal Employees; 29 CFR 1960, Basic Program Elements for Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related Matters; OSHA Instruction FAP 01-00-003, Federal Agency Safety and Health Programs, May 17, 1996; OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-103, Field Inspection Reference Manual (FIRM), September 26, 1994; OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-135, Recordkeeping Policies and Procedures Manual, December 30, 2004; NFPA Life Safety Code ¿ 1970, 1997 and 2000 editions.

Cancellations: None.

State Plan Impact: This Instruction applies solely to federal agency worksites and does not impact State Plan programs.

Action Offices: National, Regional, and Area Offices

Originating Office: Directorate of Enforcement Programs

Contact: Directorate of Enforcement Programs
Office of Federal Agency Programs
200 Constitution Avenue, NW, N3622
Washington, DC 20210
202-693-2122


By and Under the Authority of

Edwin G. Foulke, Jr.
Assistant Secretary






Executive Summary

In May 1998, the U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT's) Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) signed an agreement with OSHA for an Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers along with a schedule for compliance progress. FAA control towers were thereby permitted to comply with the Alternate Standard rather than the General Industry standard for means of egress requirements established in 29 CFR 1910 Subpart E. The Alternate Standard allows for a single means of egress with qualifying conditions.

Following the signing of the agreement on the Alternate Standard, the FAA submitted requests for additional accommodations, referred to as variances. There are six variances each of which applies to numerous towers, and another twelve that are more restricted in their application. The FAA has requested timeline extensions for completing tower upgrades or replacement.

According to FAA's 2007 annual report to OSHA, there were 386 towers covered by the alternate standard. Since 1998, the Office of Federal Agency Programs has received reports from the FAA certifying that 190 towers have been brought into compliance with the Alternate Standard. Of these 190 towers, 88 have variances which apply to them. This directive sets out monitoring procedures to determine whether these towers are fully compliant with both the Alternate Standard and their designated variances, or with Subpart E. The monitoring program will also verify that towers still awaiting corrective action are meeting the interim procedures developed to achieve equivalent protection until compliance can be accomplished.

Significant Changes

There are no significant changes. This is a new directive developed to monitor progress on a multi-year compliance program.






Table of Contents

Abstract

Executive Summary

Significant Changes

FAA Air Traffic Control Tower Monitoring Program (AIRTRAF)
  1. Purpose
  2. Scope
  3. References
  4. Cancellations
  5. Federal Program Change
  6. Background
  7. Significant Changes
  8. Action Required
    1. Responsible Office
    2. Action Offices
    3. Information Offices
  9. Definitions
  10. Description of the FAA Air Traffic Control Tower (ATCT) Monitoring Program
    1. Scope
    2. Primary Inspection List
    3. Secondary Inspection List
  11. Scheduling
  12. Inspection Priority
  13. Deletions
  14. Inspection Procedures
    1. Scope
    2. Compliance Safety and Health Officer (CSHO) Selection
    3. FAA Availability
    4. Employee Participation
    5. Notices of Unsafe or Unhealthful Working Conditions
    6. Site Selection
    7. Recordkeeping Violations
  15. Training
  16. Relationship to Other Programs
    1. Unprogrammed Inspections
    2. Special Emphasis Programs
  17. Recording and Tracking
    1. FAA ATCT Monitoring-Only Inspections
    2. FAA ATCT Monitoring combined with Unprogrammed Inspections
    3. FAA ATCT Monitoring combined with NEP or LEP Inspections
    4. FAA ATCT Monitoring combined with Unprogrammed and other Progammed Inspections
    5. Strategic Management Plan

    Appendix A: The Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers
    1. Scope and Application
    2. Definitions
    3. Exit Route Compliance Alternatives
    4. Structural Requirements
    5. Fire Detection and Alarm Systems
    6. Fire Suppression Equipment
    7. Compliance Program
    8. Emergency Action Plan
    9. Fire Prevention Plan
    10. High Hazard Areas
    11. Fire Drills
    12. Recordkeeping
    13. Compliance Status and Abatement Certification
    14. Effective Dates

    Appendix B: List of FAA Certified ATCTs by Region
          Region 1
          Region 2
          Region 3
          Region 4
          Region 5
          Region 6
          Region 7
          Region 8
          Region 9
          Region 10

    Appendix C: List of FAA Non-Certified ACTCs by Region C-1
          Region 1
          Region 2
          Region 3
          Region 4
          Region 5
          Region 6
          Region 7
          Region 8
          Region 9
          Region 10

    Appendix D: List of Alternative B Towers

    Appendix E: FAA Points of Contact

    Appendix F: Hazard Alert Letter Template







FAA Air Traffic Control Tower
Monitoring Program (AIRTRAF)

  1. Purpose. This Instruction establishes a program to monitor FAA ATCTs' compliance with the Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers.

  2. Scope. This Instruction applies OSHA-wide.

  3. References.

    1. Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, Section 19.

    2. Executive Order 12196, February 26, 1980, Occupational Safety and Health Programs for Federal Employees.

    3. 29 CFR 1960, Basic Program Elements for Federal Employee Occupational Safety and Health Programs and Related Matters, October 21, 1980 and as amended.

    4. OSHA Instruction FAP 01-00-003, Federal Agency Safety and Health Programs, May 17, 1996.

    5. OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-103, Field Inspection Reference Manual (FIRM), September 26, 1994.

    6. OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-025, Scheduling System for Programmed Inspections Directive, January 4, 1995.

    7. OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-135, Recordkeeping Policies and Procedures Manual, December 30, 2004.

    8. NFPA Life Safety Code ¿ 1970, 1997 and 2000 editions.

  4. Cancellations.None.

  5. Federal Program Change. This Instruction applies solely to federal agency worksites and does not impact State Plan programs.

  6. Background.

    On May 6, 1998, following negotiations with the Department of Transportation, the Federal Aviation Administration, and two Unions, OSHA signed an agreement entitled "The Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers." The effective date of the standard was July 1, 1998. The agreement allows for a single means of egress under qualifying conditions. It also contains abatement reporting requirements. A copy of the alternate standard is available on OSHA's intranet and is included as Appendix A to this directive.

    OSHA's Office of Federal Agency Programs (OFAP) conducted several site reviews of ATCTs between 1998 and 2001 to evaluate the need for, and the protective value of, a number of permanent variances FAA had requested for certain towers. Out of the initial inventory of 386 towers, the FAA submitted requests for permanent variances for 241 of them. The reviews found the variances to be both needed and adequately protective. Over time, four towers were dropped from the initial list since those towers are not presently operated or owned by the FAA. Another tower was added in 2006. As of August 2007, there were 190 towers which FAA had certified as conforming to the alternate standard, with variances applying to 88 of the 190.

    This inspection program is designed to verify compliance with the Alternate Standard through inspection of selected towers. It will include towers that are certified as having been brought into compliance as well as towers still awaiting replacement or rehabilitation and, therefore, subject to interim protective measures as indicated in the Alternate Standard. Also, this program is designed to determine whether the FAA is adequately protecting its employees from hazards associated with fire and egress, and provides guidance to the field for conducting monitoring inspections of both certified and uncertified ATCTs.

    Appendices B and C provide a listing of all FAA certified and non-certified towers, annotating those towers which have variances from the Alternate Standard and those which have special provisions as Alternative B towers.

  7. Significant Changes. The FAA Air Traffic Control Tower (ATCT) Monitoring Program is a new program developed to monitor compliance with FAA's Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers.

  8. Action Required.

    1. Responsible Office. The Directorate of Enforcement Programs (DEP), Office of Federal Agency Programs (OFAP), coordinates the FAA Air Traffic Control Tower (ATCT) monitoring program.

    2. Action Offices. All National Office Directorates and Offices, Regional Offices, and Area Offices involved in the implementation of this monitoring program must comply with these instructions.

    3. Information Offices. The OSHA Training Institute, Compliance Assistance Coordinators, Compliance Assistance Specialists, Federal Agency Program Officers, and Regional EEP Coordinators must be aware of this monitoring program.

  9. Definitions.

    1. Air Traffic Control Tower (ATCT). An ATCT is a tower used for aircraft control and related activities. It is an enclosed, independent structure or portion of a building with elevated portions for support of equipment, or occupied for observation, control, operation, signaling, or similar limited use, and is not open to the general public. Although the Alternate Standard addresses towers that are "federally owned or operated," the scope of this monitoring program will be limited to towers that are both owned and operated by the FAA.1

    2. The Alternate Standard. This is an abbreviated reference to the "Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers" signed by OSHA, DOT and the FAA on May 6, 1998 as an alternative to the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.36(b)(8) in effect at that time. In 2002, Subpart E was updated and now allows for a single exit route under qualifying conditions as per 29 CFR 1910.36(b)(3).

    3. Alternative A Tower. An ATCT having a single exit route and a total occupant load of fewer than twenty-five (25) occupants. (For additional requirements, see Appendix A, The Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers, paragraph (c)(3), Alternatives).

    4. Alternative B Tower. An ATCT constructed before the Year 2001, having a single exit route and a total occupant load of twenty-five (25) or more occupants. (For additional requirements, see Appendix A, The Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers, paragraph (c)(3), Alternatives).

    5. Certified. An FAA-certified ATCT is a tower for which the FAA has submitted signed documentation indicating that the ATCT is in compliance with the Alternate Standard.

    6. Uncertified. An FAA uncertified ATCT is a tower for which the FAA has not indicated compliance with the Alternate Standard and for which a petition for modification of abatement has been submitted.

    7. Variance. A variance, as used in this Directive, means a previously approved variation from the requirements of the Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers.

  10. Description of the FAA Air Traffic Control Tower (ATCT) Monitoring Program.

    1. Scope. OSHA inspection personnel will conduct monitoring inspections of randomly selected FAA ATCTs to determine their compliance status. A minimum of three towers per fiscal year will be inspected in each region. Regions with adequate resources may conduct additional inspections. Only towers that are both owned and operated by FAA will be inspected.

    2. Primary Inspection List. A primary inspection list will be developed each fiscal year consisting of three randomly selected towers for each region. A package of information for each listed tower will be sent to the Regional Offices. The packages will include the applicable variances. The primary inspection list will include at least one certified ATCT and one which has not been certified by the FAA as being in compliance with the Alternate Standard.

    3. Secondary Inspection List. A secondary inspection list will be developed by OFAP for regions or area offices, at their request, based on the same random selection used for the primary inspection list.

  11. Scheduling.

    1. General.

      OSHA's national office will provide each regional office with a list of three randomly selected FAA ATCTs within its coverage area. On request, the National Office will also provide each region with additional inspection cycles. The number of towers in the cycle will be determined by the requesting region.

      Usually the region will complete inspection of the towers listed on the primary inspection list prior to initiating inspections from a secondary inspection list. A secondary inspection cycle may be opened before completion of the primary list if either of the following conditions applies:

      • When needed to improve efficiency; or
      • To continue federal agency inspection activity if inspections at some of the primary sites are deferred.

      Once any inspection cycle is opened it must be completed.

  12. Inspection Priority.

    1. Normally, the first inspection priority for Area Offices is to conduct unprogrammed inspections. The inspection priorities as described in the FIRM (OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-103) will be followed, with the following additional guidance:

      1. All establishments on the Primary AIRTRAF list must be inspected during the fiscal year unless, in view of resource considerations, the Regional Administrator has received special approval (generally in advance) from the Deputy Assistant Secretary to conduct fewer inspections.

      2. Offices that have started but not completed a cycle of FAA monitoring inspections must normally complete that cycle before beginning a new cycle. Carryovers will be handled in accordance with the Scheduling System for Programmed Inspections Directive, CPL 02-00-025, paragraph B.1.b.(1)(e)1, or as outlined in Paragraph XII of this Instruction.

      3. Secondary inspection cycles do not have to be completed before the expiration of this Instruction. However, if a cycle has been started, all sites within the cycle must be inspected. An open secondary inspection cycle should be completed prior to initiating additional cycles.

      4. Area Offices will continue to conduct other programmed inspections under national emphasis programs or local emphasis programs/initiatives, as the Area Office and Regional goals dictate.

  13. Deletions.

    An establishment is to be deleted from the inspection list if both of the following criteria are satisfied:

    • It has been inspected within 24 months prior to the start of current inspection cycle; and
    • That inspection included an assessment of compliance for egress and fire protection.

    The date when an establishment is considered to have received an inspection will be the opening conference date.

    Area Offices will be responsible for making appropriate deletions from the inspection list.

  14. Inspection Procedures.

    1. Scope. Inspections conducted under this plan will consist of a records review, (e.g. injury and illness recordkeeping; hazard communication program; the tower-specific emergency action plan, fire prevention program, training records, compliance plan, and compliance status and abatement certification, if appropriate, etc.), followed by a compliance review addressing the ATCT's compliance with the Alternate Standard. Where the CSHO observes contractors performing other work such as construction or maintenance activity that is not being supervised by the federal agency, and if hazards are observed associated with that work, the CSHO may open an inspection of the contractor.

    2. Compliance Safety and Health Officer (CSHO) Selection. CSHOs selected to conduct FAA ATCT inspections under this program will be trained in FAA's Alternate Standard and the National Fire Protection's Life Safety Code prior to initiating an inspection. Training on the alternate standard will be coordinated by the Office of Federal Agency Programs. NFPA Life Safety Code training must consist of OTI Course #2070, offered by the OSHA Office of Training and Education or a course of equivalent scope and depth, provided through another source.

    3. FAA Availability. At times it will be necessary to make advance arrangements with FAA personnel, either to avoid disturbing controllers while attending to air traffic, or to assure the availability of a safety or fire engineering professional to participate in the inspection. It is left to local discretion to determine when such advance notification is deemed to be appropriate.

    4. Employee Participation. Particular attention should be paid to ensuring employee participation during all phases of the inspection.

    5. Notices of Unsafe or Unhealthful Working Conditions. After the towers are selected, inspections will be conducted and Notices of Unsafe or Unhealthful Working Conditions will be developed and issued in accordance with CPL 02-00-103, the FIRM, and FAP 01-00-003 Federal Agency Safety and Health programs. Prior to issuing notices, draft notices and supporting documentation must be forwarded through the Regional Federal Agency Program Officer (FAPO) to OSHA's Directorate of Enforcement Programs (DEP), Office of Federal Agency Programs (OFAP), for review and concurrence.

      Where violations of the Alternate Standard are identified, follow the guidance provided in CPL 02-00-103, the FIRM, page III-5, or Chapter III, paragraph C.1.a.(2), for variance violations, with the following Federal Agency adjustments:

      • For violations of the Alternate Standard where requirements are also addressed in an OSHA standard (29 CFR 1910), cite 29 CFR 1960.8b referencing both the 1910 provision and the paragraph of the Alternate Standard.
      • For violations of a provision of the Alternate Standard that is not a requirement in 29 CFR 1910, cite 29 CFR 1960.8a, referencing the paragraph of the Alternate Standard.
      • For violations of a requirement in 29 CFR 1910 that is not addressed in the Alternate Standard, cite 29 CFR 1960.8b and reference the 1910 paragraph.

      NOTE: This directive does not cover issues arising from complaint inspections relating to ATCTs. Further information and instruction from OFAP may be required to adequately prepare for complaint inspections.

    6. Site Selection. OFAP will provide each region with a listing of three randomly selected towers to be inspected. OFAP may provide this listing by e-mail.

      In the event a region desires an additional (secondary) inspection list, the regional FAPO, upon consultation with the Regional Administrator or designee, will notify OFAP and a listing of additional towers will be developed according to the random order number previously assigned to each tower. The applicable variances will be communicated by e-mail or fax.

    7. Recordkeeping Violations. Whenever OSHA recordkeeping violations are identified, appropriate notices will be proposed and supporting documentation will be provided, in accordance with guidance in the FIRM (OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-103).

      1. Recordkeeping violations found on the OSHA-300 Log. If the CSHO identifies recordkeeping violations on the OSHA-300 logs for calendar year (CY) 2006 to the present, the Area Director will issue notices in accordance with CPL 02-00-135, Chapter 2, paragraph II.B., or the FIRM, as appropriate.

      2. Records for CY 2005. Where there is evidence that the employer has made a good faith effort to comply, notices will not be issued for recordkeeping deficiencies in CY 2005.

      3. Failing to retain records for the prior five-year period. If an employer is unable to produce copies of the OSHA Federal Agency Log or an OSHA-200/Injury and Illness Log used under the recordkeeping system in effect prior to January 1, 2005, the employer may be cited under 29 CFR 1960.69 for failure to retain required records.

      4. When citing a recordkeeping violation, the appropriate paragraph of 29 CFR 1960, Subpart I, is to be cited, with a reference to the paragraph in 29 CFR 1904 that has been violated.

  15. Training. CSHOs who are selected to conduct FAA ATCT inspections under this program will receive program-specific training sponsored by the Directorate of Enforcement Programs, Office of Federal Agency Programs and the Directorate of Training and Education, OSHA Training Institute. No CSHO will be permitted to conduct an inspection under this program until both courses have been completed.

    There is a two-part training requirement for CSHOs selected for this program. It is highly recommended that personnel who have previously completed OTI Course #2070 ¿ Fire Protection and Life Safety Code, and are experienced in its application be considered for this assignment. The two mandatory courses include:

    1. OTI course #2070 ¿ Fire Protection and Life Safety Code or equivalent. This training should be completed prior to attending the program-specific training, and can have been received through any reputable source as long as the content and scope are equivalent to OTI #2070.

    2. ATCT Monitoring Program Training Course. This course will cover the following topics:

      • OSHA inspection procedures for federal agencies - a review.
      • Alternate Standards ¿ general background
      • The FAA Alternate Standard
        • Overview and background
        • Alternative A Towers
        • Alternative B Towers
        • Variances within this alternate standard
        • Non-certified Towers - interim controls

      • The ATCT Monitoring Program
        • Site selection, supplemental lists
        • Advance notice
        • Scope of inspection
        • How to cite violations

      • The FAA will provide an overview of the following:
        • Design concepts of ATCTs
        • FAA Operations and protocol

  16. Relationship to Other Programs.

    1. Unprogrammed Inspections. Unprogrammed inspections will be conducted according to the FIRM (OSHA Instruction CPL 02-00-103) or other guidance documents. If the occasion for an unprogrammed (e.g., complaint, fatality) inspection arises with respect to an establishment that is also in the current inspection cycle under the AIRTRAF plan, the two inspections may be conducted either concurrently or separately. See also paragraph XVII.B.

    2. Special Emphasis Programs. Some establishments may be selected for inspection under the AIRTRAF plan and also one or more other OSHA initiatives (National Emphasis or Local Emphasis Programs). Programs based on particular hazards or on particular industries can be run concurrently with the AIRTRAF monitoring program. CSHOs will apply all applicable IMIS codes to the inspection. See also paragraph XVII.C.

  17. Recording and Tracking.

    1. FAA ATCT Monitoring-Only Inspections. The OSHA-1 forms must be marked as "programmed planned" in Item 24. In addition, the "NEP" box is to be checked and the value "AIRTRAF" recorded in Item 25d.

    2. FAA ATCT Monitoring combined with Unprogrammed Inspections. For all unprogrammed inspections conducted in conjunction with an "AIRTRAF" inspection, the OSHA-1 Forms must be marked as "unprogrammed" in Item 24 with the appropriate unprogrammed activity identified. In addition, the "NEP" box is to be checked and the value "AIRTRAF" recorded in Item 25d.

    3. FAA ATCT Monitoring combined with NEP or LEP Inspections. For all programmed inspections such as NEPs and LEPs conducted in conjunction with an "AIRTRAF" inspection, the OSHA-1 Forms must be marked as "programmed planned" in Item 24. In addition, the "NEP" box is to be checked and the value "AIRTRAF" recorded in Item 25d along with all NEP and LEP IMIS codes applicable to the inspection.

    4. FAA ATCT Monitoring combined with Unprogrammed and other Progammed Inspections. If an "AIRTRAF" inspection is combined with an unprogrammed inspection (e.g., complaint inspection) and a programmed inspection, such as an NEP or LEP, Item 24 must be marked "unprogrammed."

    5. Strategic Management Plan. Enter any applicable Strategic Management Plan hazard/industry codes in Item 25f that were addressed during the inspection.


1 Prior to initiating an inspection under this targeting program, the CSHO must verify that the ATCT is operated and owned by the FAA. The randomly generated towers on the list may inadvertently meet only one of the two criteria. [Back to text]






Appendix A: The Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport
Traffic Control Towers

Whereas, the agreement contained herein will provide a level of protection for occupants of airport traffic control towers equivalent to that of egress standards under 29 CFR Part 1910; and

Whereas, this agreement was reached in cooperation with employee and management representatives of the Federal Aviation Administration, the Office of the Secretary of Transportation, and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration;

Therefore, in keeping with this agreement, we the undersigned have affixed our signatures to this Alternate Standard for Fire Safety in Airport Traffic Control Towers, in Washington, D.C., on this the 6th day of May, 1998.

Mortimer L. Downey
Deputy Secretary of
Transportation
Jane F. Garvey
FAA Administrator
Gregory R. Watchman
Deputy Assistant Secretary of
Labor for Occupational Safety
and Health
  1. The Alternate Standard.

    1. Scope and Application. This standard applies to all federally owned or operated ATCTs. It sets forth minimum requirements essential to providing a safe means of exit in case of fire and other emergencies.

    2. Definitions.

      "Authorized Person" means an employee who has been specifically assigned by the employer to assure compliance with this standard.

      "Base Building" means a structure including links and vestibules which connects with the ATCT and which may house administrative personnel, Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON), or passenger-related functions.

      "Cab" means the primary operating space in the ATCT situated at a desired elevation above ground level and physically oriented relative to the primary runways, so as to obtain the best unobstructed view of the airport aircraft primary movement areas (taxiways, runways, and flight approaches and departures).

      "Class A Finish" means any material classified at twenty-five (25) or less on the flame spread test scale and 450 or less on the smoke test scale described in 6-5.3.1 of NFPA-101.

      "Class B Finish" means any material classified at more than twenty-five (25) but not more than seventy-five (75) on the flame spread test scale and 450 or less on the smoke test scale described in 6-5.3.1 of the NFPA-101.

      "Emergency Action Plan" means a plan for a workplace, or parts thereof, describing what procedures the employer and employees must take to ensure employee safety from fire or other emergencies.

      "Emergency Exit Route" means the route that employees are directed to follow in the event they are required to evacuate the workplace or seek a designated refuge area.

      "Exit" means a portion of a means of egress which is separated from all other spaces of the structure by construction or equipment to provide a protected way of travel to the exit discharge.

      "Exit Access" means a portion of a means of egress which leads to an entrance to an exit.

      "Exit Discharge" means a portion of a means of egress between the termination of an exit and a public way.

      "Fire Resistive" means the ability of materials or assemblies of construction to withstand exposure under standard fire test conditions for a prescribed temperature and period of time without structural failure. Fire resistive construction is that type of construction in which the walls, partitions, and structural members are of noncombustible materials which will withstand exposure to fire for a specified period of time without structural failure.

      "Hazardous Areas" means rooms or areas that pose a degree of hazard greater than that normal to the general occupancy of the structure, such as those areas used for storage or use of combustibles or flammable, toxic, noxious, or corrosive materials, or use of heat-producing appliances.

      "High Hazard Areas" means areas in structures used for purposes that involve highly combustible, highly flammable, or explosive products or materials that are likely to burn with extreme rapidity, or that may produce flame, poisonous fumes or gases, explosive or irritant hazards, including highly toxic or noxious alkalis and acids and liquids or chemicals; also those uses that cause division of material into fine particles or dust subject to explosion or spontaneous combustion, and uses that otherwise constitute a high fire hazard because of the form, character, or volume of the material used.

      "Link" means a connecting passageway between an ATCT and a base building. Links are typically one occupied level in height with direct access to the exterior of the structure.

      "Means of Egress (Exit Routes)" means a continuous and unobstructed way of exit travel from any point in a building or structure to a public way and consists of three (3) separate and distinct parts: the way of exit access, the exit, and the way of exit discharge. A means of egress comprises the vertical and horizontal ways of travel and shall include intervening room spaces, doorways, hallways, corridors, passageways, balconies, ramps, stairs, enclosures, lobbies, escalators, horizontal exits, courts, and yards.

      "Noncombustible" means the materials or assemblies that can not burn. Noncombustible construction is that type of construction in which the walls, partitions, and structural members are of material which inherently can not burn but does not qualify as fire resistive construction (i.e., the construction does not qualify as fire resistive because unprotected structural members may be damaged by heat generated by a fire).

      "NFPA-l0l" means the 1997 code for safety to life from fire in buildings and structures.

      "Protected Noncombustible Construction" means a construction in which all bearing walls or bearing portions of walls, exterior or interior are of noncombustible materials having a fire resistance of at least one hour and are stable under fire conditions; roof and floor construction and their supports have one hour fire resistance; and stairways and other openings through floors are enclosed with partitions having one hour fire resistance.

      "Smokeproof Enclosure" means a stair enclosure designed so that the movement into the Smokeproof Enclosure of products of combustion produced by a fire occurring in any part of the structure is limited.

      "Tower" means an enclosed, independent structure or portion of a building with elevated portions for support of equipment or occupied for observation, control, operation, signaling, or similar limited use and not open to the general public. An ATCT is a tower used for aircraft control and related activities.

      "Tower Occupant Load" means the total number of persons permitted to occupy a tower or portion thereof at any one time.

      "Type I Construction" means a construction whose structural members, including walls, columns, beams, floors, and roofs, are all of approved noncombustible or limited-combustible materials and have fire resistance ratings in accordance with NFPA 220, Table 2, 443 or 332.

      "Type II Construction" means a construction not qualifying as Type I Construction in which the structural members, including walls, columns, beams, floors, and roofs, are of approved noncombustible or limited-combustible materials and have fire resistance rating in accordance with NFPA 220, Table 2, 222, 111, or 000.

      "Type IV Construction" means a construction in which exterior and interior walls and structural members that are portions of such walls are of approved noncombustible or limited-combustible materials. Other interior structural members, including columns, beams, arches, floors, and roofs, are of solid or laminated wood without concealed spaces and comply with the provisions of NFPA 220 Sections 3-4.2 through 3-4.6. In addition, structural members shall have fire resistance ratings not less than one hour.

    3. Exit Route Compliance Alternatives.

      1. General. Every ATCT facility shall be so constructed, arranged, equipped, maintained, and operated as to protect its occupants from fire, smoke, fumes, toxic emissions during the period of time reasonably necessary for escape from the building or structure in case of fire or other emergency. The FAA shall ensure that each ATCT where construction begins after January 2001, with a total occupant load of twenty-five (25) or more occupants, has two (2) separate exit routes which begin at the base of the cab and extend to ground level.

      2. (i) Within one hundred and eighty days (180) from the effective date of this standard, the FAA shall submit in writing a list of all ATCTs indicating the alternative selected from paragraph C.3. or whether a request for a variance will be made. (ii) For each ATCT for which a variance has been requested, written details, and rationale for the request must be submitted within one year from the effective date of this standard.

      3. Alternatives. The FAA shall ensure that compliance with the exit route requirements of this standard are achieved by using one of the following alternatives:

        1. Alternative A. For each ATCT having a single exit route and a total occupant load of less than twenty-five (25) occupants, the following requirements must be met (within one year from the effective date of this standard):

          1. The tower is not used for living or sleeping purposes;

          2. The tower is of Type I, Type II, or Type IV construction;

          3. The interior finish of the tower is Class A or Class B;

          4. There are no combustible materials in, or under the immediate vicinity of the tower, except for necessary furniture and office supplies; and

          5. There are no high hazard areas in, or under the immediate vicinity of the tower.

        2. Alternative B. For each ATCT constructed before the Year 2001, having a single exit route and a total occupant load of twenty-five (25) or more must meet the following requirements (within one year from the effective date of this standard):

          1. The tower shall be of protected noncombustible construction except as follows:

            1. All high hazard areas are constructed in accordance with paragraph J of this standard.

            2. All vertical shafts shall be constructed in accordance with paragraph D.3. of this standard.

            3. Fully sprinklered towers are permitted to be constructed of noncombustible materials.

            4. Protected noncombustible construction is not required for steel beams in the upper cab areas.

          2. The single exit shall be protected by a smokeproof enclosure constructed in accordance with NFPA-101, and must have a two (2) hour fire resistance rating throughout the enclosure. Exception: Exterior walls where the horizontal distance to the nearest structure is more than ten (10) feet. Additionally, the exterior walls of a tower must have at least a one hour fire resistance rating extending a vertical distance of fifteen (15) feet from the roof of an adjoining base building (or terminal), unless such a roof has at least a one hour fire resistance rating.

          3. The smokeproof enclosure shall extend from the tower cab to the point where at least two (2) exits are available. Exception (1). A single exit is permitted for smokeproof enclosures which discharge directly outside the structure or to a public way. Exception (2). A single exit is permitted for those base buildings consisting of a single story above ground and having less than 350 square feet.

    4. Structural Requirements.

      1. Stairways. All stairways shall comply with 29 CFR 1910.36, except that, stairways located in smokeproof enclosures may be not less than twenty-eight (28) inches wide when measured from handrail to handrail. Circular stairs are exempt from the requirements for stairs.

      2. Interior Finishes. All interior finishes of ATCTs must comply with NFPA-101, 6- 5 for Class A or Class B flame spread ratings. Carpeting shall not be mounted on walls or ceilings.

      3. Vertical Shafts Including Smokeproof Enclosures.

        1. All shafts in towers shall be enclosed with protected noncombustible materials in accordance with NFPA-101 requirements and with at least a two (2) hour fire resistive rating. All related material and construction shall have an equivalent fire resistive rating.

        2. Shafts for elevators shall conform to the requirements of the American Standard Safety Code for Elevators, Escalators, and Dumbwaiters (ANSI A17.1).1

        3. Shaft openings must be constructed in accordance with NFPA-101, 6-2.4.

      4. Fire Walls. Partitions, and Fire Stops. Must be constructed and used in accordance with NFPA-l0l, 6-2.

    5. Fire Detection and Alarm Systems. Each ATCT must be provided with a fire detection and alarm system in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.164 and 1910.165.

    6. Fire Suppression Equipment. Suitable fire suppression equipment must be available in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.157. Extinguishers shall not be considered to be equivalent to an automatic sprinkler system for purposes of omitting the requirement for protected noncombustible construction required by this standard.

    7. Compliance Program.

      1. The FAA shall establish, within one hundred and eighty (180) days of the effective date of this standard, a written program describing the alternative selected from paragraph C above to be used to comply with this standard.

      2. The written program shall include the following:

        1. The alternative provisions selected for exit routes;

        2. A description of the worksite and the modifications to be made to comply with this provision;

        3. Engineering plans and studies used to determine methods selected for achieving compliance with this provision;

        4. A detailed schedule for implementation of the provisions; and

        5. Other relevant information.

      3. If the FAA has not achieved compliance with the selected exit route provision (one year from the effective date of this standard), the FAA shall then assess the effectiveness of the modifications already in place, and establish any additional measures to ensure that employees are provided equivalent protection until compliance can be achieved.

      4. The written program shall be submitted upon request to the Assistant Secretary, and shall be available at the worksite for examination and copying by the Assistant Secretary, and affected employees or authorized employee representatives.

      5. The plans required by paragraph G.2. shall be revised and updated at least annually to reflect the current status of the program.

    8. Emergency Action Plan.

      1. Application. The FAA shall ensure that a written emergency action plan is developed within ninety (90) days of the effective date of this standard for every ATCT. This plan must cover those designated actions the FAA and its employees must take to ensure safety from fire and other emergencies. The plan shall be made available in each facility in a location which is readily available for review and use by facility personnel.

      2. Elements of the Plan. The plan shall include, at a minimum:

        1. Emergency escape procedures and emergency exit route assignments;

        2. Procedures to be followed by employees who remain to operate critical facility operations before they evacuate;

        3. Procedures to account for all employees after emergency evacuation have been completed;

        4. Rescue and medical duties for those employees who are assigned to perform them;

        5. The preferred means of reporting fires and other emergencies; and

        6. Names or regular job titles of persons or departments who can be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan.

        7. A plan or diagram of designated emergency egress routes shall be posted in a place readily available to employees.

      3. Training.

        1. Before implementing the emergency action plan, the FAA shall designate and train a sufficient number of persons to assist in the safe and orderly emergency evacuation of employees.

        2. The FAA shall provide emergency action plan training for each employee within one hundred and eighty (180) days of the effective date of this standard and annually thereafter. Training must also be provided:

          1. Whenever the employee's responsibilities or designated actions under the plan change, and

          2. Whenever the plan is changed.

      4. Written Plan Availability.

        1. The written plan shall be kept at an easily accessible location at the workplace and made available for employee review.

        2. The written plan shall be submitted upon request to the Assistant Secretary, and shall be available at the worksite for examination and copying by the Assistant Secretary, and ATCT employees or authorized employee representatives.

    9. Fire Prevention Plan.

      1. Application. The FAA shall develop and implement within ninety (90) days of the effective date of this standard a written fire prevention plan for every ATCT.

      2. Minimum Requirements. The fire prevention plan, at a minimum, shall include the following elements:

        1. A list of the major workplace fire hazards, and their proper handling and storage procedures, potential sources of ignition and their control procedures, and the type of fire protection equipment or systems which can control a fire involving them;

        2. Job titles of personnel responsible for maintenance of equipment and systems installed to prevent or control ignitions or fires; and

        3. Job titles of personnel responsible for control of fuel source hazards.

        4. The written plan shall be kept in an easily accessible workplace location and available for employee review.

      3. Housekeeping. The FAA shall control accumulations of flammable and combustible waste materials and residues so that they do not contribute to a fire emergency. The housekeeping procedures shall be included in the written fire prevention plan.

      4. Training. The FAA shall provide fire prevention training within one hundred and eighty (180) days of the effective date of this standard and at least annually thereafter for all ATCT employees. At a minimum, the training must cover the fire hazards of the materials and processes to which employees are exposed.

    10. High Hazard Areas. High hazard areas must be separated by enclosure or sectioning from the rest of the tower by fire resistive walls or partitions, ceilings, and floors. Openings in the separating construction shall be protected with fire doors and fire dampers having a fire resistance rating equivalent to the separation.

    11. Fire Drills. The FAA shall establish a fire drill program for each ATCT and ensure that each ATCT employee participates, at least annually, in a fire drill.

      1. Training Program.

        1. The FAA shall provide each employee with training within one hundred and eighty days from the effective date of this standard, at the time of the employee's initial assignment to the ATCT, and at least annually thereafter.

        2. The FAA shall assure that each employee is trained in the following:

          1. The content of this standard and its appendices;

          2. The types of situations which could result in emergency evacuation;

          3. The components of the emergency action plan as required by paragraph H of this standard.

          4. The components of the fire prevention plan as required by paragraph I of this standard.

        3. The FAA shall make readily available to all ATCT employees a copy of this standard and its appendices.

        4. The FAA shall provide, upon request, all materials relating to the employee information and training program to the Assistant Secretary.

    12. Recordkeeping. The FAA shall establish and maintain an accurate record at each facility of the following:

      1. Training Program. The FAA shall maintain for each employee a written record of all training provided in response to this standard.

      2. Emergency Action Plan. The FAA shall maintain a written record of the emergency action plan and any modifications to the plan.

      3. Fire Prevention Program. The FAA shall maintain a written record of the fire prevention plan and any modifications made to the plan.

      4. Compliance plans. The FAA shall maintain a written record of all compliance plans relevant to abatement of emergency egress hazards.

    13. Compliance Status and Abatement Certification.

      1. Existing ATCT Construction. The FAA shall provide for each facility, and make available at the facility, a biannual update for all existing ATCTs including at least the following information:

        1. The location of the ATCT, including mailing address;

        2. The name of the authorized person;

        3. Status of the abatement;

        4. Completion date; and

        5. Request for a Petition for Modification of Abatement, if the required abatement date can not be achieved.

        6. Certification by the authorized person that abatement has been completed and that the ATCT is in compliance with this standard.

      2. ATCT Towers Scheduled for Replacement. The FAA shall provide for each facility and make available to the Secretary a semiannual update for all ATCTs scheduled for replacement with at least the following information:

        1. The location and mailing address of the ATCT being replaced and the location of the replacement facility;

        2. The name of the authorized person;

        3. Any written interim procedures which will be followed during the replacement period;

        4. The date that the replacement facility will be operational;

        5. The disposition of the facility replaced; and

        6. Certification by the authorized person that the replacement ATCT meets the requirements of this standard.

        7. Certification by the authorized person that the interim protective measures are in place for the ATCT being replaced.

    14. Effective Dates. This standard shall become effective on July 1, 1998.

      1. All towers where construction begins after January 2001 and with twenty-five (25) or more occupants, must be constructed with two (2) separate means of egress;

      2. Paragraph C.2(i) compliance is required by January 1, 1999. Paragraph C.2(ii) compliance is required by July 1, 1999;

      3. Alternative A. Compliance is required (by July 1, 1999); and

      4. Alternative B. Compliance is required (by July 1, 1999);

      5. Written Compliance Program. Compliance with this paragraph is required by January 1, 1999.

      6. Emergency Action Plan.

        1. Written Plan. Compliance with this paragraph is required by October 1, 1998 for every ATCT.

        2. Training. Compliance with this paragraph is required by January 1, 1999 for every ATCT employee.

      7. Fire Prevention Plan.

        1. Written Plan. Compliance with this paragraph is required by October 1, 1998 for every ATCT.

        2. Training. Compliance with this section is required by January 1, 1999 for every ATCT employee.

      8. Training Program. Compliance with this paragraph is required by January 1, 1999.


1 For the purposes of this directive, the ANSI standard used will be the one in effect on 10/3/96 as amended in 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2000. [Back to text]






Appendix B: List of FAA Certified ATCTs by Region

FAA
Service
Area by
Region
FAA
Region
LOC
ID
Facility Name Location State Variance
Submitted

Region 1

Eastern ANE BDL Bradley International Airport Windsor Locks CT  
Eastern ANE DXR Danbury Municipal Airport Danbury CT Yes
Eastern ANE GON Groton-New London Airport Groton CT Yes
Eastern ANE HFD Hartford-Brainard Airport Hartford CT Yes
Eastern ANE OWD Norwood Municipal Airport Norwood MA Yes
Eastern ANE ACK Nantucket Airport Nantucket MA Yes
Eastern ANE HYA Barnstable Municipal Airport Hyannis MA Yes
Eastern ANE LWM Lawrence Municipal Airport North Andover MA Yes
Eastern ANE BED Hanscom Field Bedford MA  
Eastern ANE BVY Beverly Municipal Airport Beverly MA Yes
Eastern ANE BAF Barnes Municipal Airport Westfield MA Yes
Eastern ANE MVY Vineyard Haven Airport Vineyard Hvn MA Yes
Eastern ANE ORH Worcester Municipal Airport Worcester MA  
Eastern ANE BGR Bangor International Airport Bangor ME  
Eastern ANE PWM Portland International Jetport Portland ME  
Eastern ANE MHT Manchester Municipal Airport Manchester NH  
Eastern ANE LEB Lebanon Regional Airport West Lebanon NH Yes
Eastern ANE PVD T.F. Green State Airport Warwick RI  
Eastern ANE BTV Burlington International Airport S. Burlington VT  

Region 2

Eastern AEA ACY Atlantic City International Airport Atlantic City NJ  
Eastern AEA EWR Newark International Airport Newark NJ  
Eastern AEA JFK J.F. Kennedy International Jamaica NY  
Eastern AEA SYR Syracuse Hancock International Airport (New) N. Syracuse NY  
Eastern AEA FRG Republic Airport Farmingdale NY  
Eastern AEA ISP Long Island MacArthur Airport Ronkonkoma NY  
Eastern AEA SWF Stewart Airport Newburgh NY  
Eastern ASO SIG Isla Grande/Dominicci Intl Airport San Juan PR Yes
Eastern ASO STT Cyril E. King Airport St. Thomas VI Yes

Region 3

Eastern AEA ILG Greater Wilmington Airport New Castle DE  
Eastern AEA LNS Lancaster Airport Lititz PA  
Eastern AEA RDG Reading Municipal Airport Reading PA  
Eastern AEA PIT Greater Pittsburgh International Pittsburgh PA  
Eastern AEA DCA Reagan National Airport Arlington VA  
Eastern AEA RIC Byrd International Airport Richmond VA  
Eastern AEA ROA Roanoke Regional Airport Roanoke VA  
Eastern AEA IAD Washington-Dulles International Chantilly VA  
Eastern AEA PHF Patrick Henry International Airport Newport News VA  

Region 4

Eastern ASO BFM Mobile Downtown Airport Mobile AL  
Eastern ASO BHM Birmingham International Airport Birmingham AL  
Eastern ASO MGM Dannelly Field Hope Hull AL  
Eastern ASO DHN Dothan Airport/Napier Field Dothan AL Yes
Eastern ASO SFB Orlando Sanford Airport Sanford FL  
Eastern ASO TPA Tampa International Airport Tampa FL  
Eastern ASO EYW Key West International Airport Key West FL Yes
Eastern ASO DAB Daytona Beach Regional Airport Daytona Beach FL  
Eastern ASO FLL Fort Lauderdale International Ft. Lauderdale FL Yes
Eastern ASO GNV Gainesville Municipal Airport Gainesville FL Yes
Eastern ASO PBI Palm Beach International Airport W. Palm Bch FL Yes
Eastern ASO JAX Jacksonville International Airport Jacksonville FL  
Eastern ASO MCO Orlando International Airport Orlando FL  
Eastern ASO MIA Miami International Airport Miami FL  
Eastern ASO PNS Pensacola Regional Airport Pensacola FL Yes
Eastern ASO ORL Orlando Executive Airport Orlando FL Yes
Eastern ASO SRQ Sarasota-Bradenton Airport Sarasota FL Yes
Eastern ASO VRB Vero Beach Municipal Airport Vero Beach FL  
Eastern ASO FMY Page Field Fort Myers FL Yes
Eastern ASO FXE Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport Ft. Lauderdale FL  
Eastern ASO MLB Melbourne Regional Airport Melbourne FL  
Eastern ASO AGS Bush Field Municipal Airport Augusta GA Yes
Eastern ASO CSG Columbus Metro Airport Columbus GA  
Eastern ASO FTY Fulton County Airport/Brown Field Atlanta GA Yes
Eastern ASO SAV Savannah International Airport Savannah GA  
Eastern ASO ATL Atlanta Hartsfield Airport Hapeville GA Yes
Eastern ASO PDK Dekalb-Peachtree Airport Chamblee GA Yes
Eastern ASO MCN Middle Georgia Regional Airport Macon GA Yes
Eastern ASO CVG Cincinnati Northern Int'l Airport Erlanger KY  
Eastern ASO SDF Standiford Field Louisville KY  
Eastern ASO LEX Blue Grass Airport Lexington KY Yes
Eastern ASO LOU Bowman Field Louisville KY Yes
Eastern ASO PAH Barkley Regional Airport West Paducah KY Yes
Eastern ASO MEI Meridian Airport Meridian MS Yes
Eastern ASO RDU Raleigh-Durham Intl. Airport Raleigh NC Yes
Eastern ASO FAY Fayetteville Reg./Grannis Field Fayetteville NC Yes
Eastern ASO GSO Piedmont Triad Intl. Airport Greensboro NC Yes
Eastern ASO CLT Charlotte-Douglas Intl. Airport Charlotte NC Yes
Eastern ASO MYR Myrtle Beach Jetport Myrtle Beach SC Yes
Eastern ASO CAE Columbia Metro Airport W. Columbia SC Yes
Eastern ASO CHS Charleston International Airport Charleston SC Yes
Eastern ASO CRE Grand Strand Airport N. Myrtle Bch SC Yes
Eastern ASO TRI Tri-City Airport Blountville TN Yes
Eastern ASO MEM Memphis International Airport Memphis TN Yes
Eastern ASO BNA Nashville International Airport Nashville TN Yes

Region 5

Central AGL ALN St. Louis Regional Airport East Alton IL  
Central AGL BMI Bloomington-Normal Airport Bloomington IL Yes
Central AGL CMI University of Illinois - Willard Airport Savoy IL  
Central AGL DEC Decatur Airport Decatur IL  
Central AGL ORD O'Hare International Airport Chicago IL  
Central AGL PWK Palwaukee Airport Wheeling IL  
Central AGL EVV Dress Regional Airport Evansville IN  
Central AGL ARB Ann Arbor Municipal Airport Ann Arbor MI Yes
Central AGL AZO Kalamazoo/Battle Creek Intl. Airport Kalamazoo MI  
Central AGL DET Detroit City Airport Detroit MI  
Central AGL FNT Bishop International Airport Flint MI  
Central AGL LAN Capital City Airport Lansing MI  
Central AGL MKG Muskegon County Airport Muskegon MI  
Central AGL PTK Oakland/Pontiac Airport Waterford MI  
Central AGL DLH Duluth International Airport Duluth MN  
Central AGL STP St. Paul Downtown Airport Saint Paul MN  
Central AGL MFD Mansfield-Lahm Airport Mansfield OH Yes
Central AGL YNG Youngstown-Warren Reg. Airport Youngstown OH  
Central AGL GRB Austin Straubel Intl. Airport Green Bay WI  
Central AGL JVL Rock County Airport Janesville WI  
Central AGL MKE General Mitchell Intl. Airport Milwaukee WI  
Central AGL MSN Dane County Regional Airport Madison WI  

Region 6

Central ASW FSM Ft. Smith Municipal Airport Fort Smith AR  
Central ASW FYV Drake Field Fayetteville AR Yes
Central ASW LIT Adams Field Little Rock AR Yes
Central ASW BTR Baton Rouge Metro/Ryan Field Baton Rouge LA Yes
Central ASW LFT Lafayette Regional Airport Layfayette LA Yes
Central ASW NEW Lakefront Airport New Orleans LA Yes
Central ASW FMN Four Corners Regional Airport Farmington NM Yes
Central ASW OKC Will Rogers World Airport Oklahoma City OK Yes
Central ASW ADS Addison Airport Addison TX  
Central ASW BPT Jefferson County Airport Beaumont TX  
Central ASW BRO Brownsville International Brownsville TX Yes
Central ASW BSM Austin Bergstrom International Austin TX  
Central ASW CLL Easterwood Airport College Stn. TX Yes
Central ASW CRP Corpus Christi International Corpus Christi TX  
Central ASW DWH David Wayne Hooks Mem. Airport Spring TX  
Central ASW ELP El Paso International Airport El Paso TX Yes
Central ASW LBB Lubbock International Airport Lubbock TX Yes
Central ASW MAF Midland International Airport Midland TX Yes
Central ASW MFE Miller International Airport McAllen TX Yes
Central ASW SAT San Antonio International Airport San Antonio TX Yes

Region 7

Central ACE ALO Waterloo Municipal Airport Waterloo IA Yes
Central ACE CID Cedar Rapids Municipal Airport Cedar Rapids IA Yes
Central ACE DBQ Dubuque Municipal Airport Dubuque IA Yes
Central ACE DSM Des Moines Municipal Airport Des Moines IA Yes
Central ACE FOE Forbes Field Topeka KS  
Central ACE ICT Wichita Mid Continent Airport Wichita KS Yes
Central ACE OJC Johnson County Executive Airport Olathe KS Yes
Central ACE SLN Salina Municipal Airport Salina KS  
Central ACE TOP Phillip Billard Municipal Airport Topeka KS Yes
Central ACE MCI Kansas City International Airport Kansas City MO Yes
Central ACE MKC Kansas City Downtown Kansas City MO Yes
Central ACE STL Lambert International Airport (NEW) Bridgeton MO Yes
Central ACE SUS Spirit of St Louis Airport Chesterfield MO Yes
Central ACE GRI Central Nebraska Regional Airport Grand Island NE Yes

Region 8

Western ANM ASE Aspen-Pitken County Airport Aspen CO  
Western ANM COS Colorado Springs Municipal Col. Springs CO  
Western ANM PUB Pueblo Memorial Airport Pueblo CO  
Western ANM BIL Logan International Airport Billings MT  
Western ANM GTF Great Falls International Airport Great Falls MT  
Western ANM HLN Helena Regional Airport Helena MT  
Central AGL BIS Bismark Municipal Airport Bismark ND  
Central AGL GFK Grand Forks International Airport Grand Forks ND  
Central AGL FSD Joe Foss Field Sioux Falls SD  
Central AGL RAP Rapid City Regional Airport Rapid City SD  
Western ANM OGD Ogden Municipal Airport Ogden UT Yes
Western ANM CPR Natrona County Intl. Airport Casper WY  

Region 9

Western AWP PHX Sky Harbor International Airport (Old) Phoenix AZ  
Western AWP PHX * Sky Harbor International Airport (New) Phoenix AZ  
Western AWP GCN Grand Canyon Nat'l Park Airport Grand Canyon AZ  
Western AWP DVT Deer Valley Airport Phoenix AZ Yes
Western AWP LAX Los Angeles International Airport Los Angeles CA  
Western AWP APC Napa County Airport Napa CA  
Western AWP BFL Meadows Field Bakersfield CA  
Western AWP CCR Buchanan Field Concord CA  
Western AWP CRQ McClellan-Palomar Airport Carlsbad CA Yes
Western AWP LGB Long Beach Airport Long Beach CA  
Western AWP LVK Livermore Municipal Airport Livermore CA  
Western AWP MRY Monterey Peninsula Airport Monterey CA  
Western AWP RHV Reid-Hillview Apt./Santa Clara Co. San Jose CA  
Western AWP SBA Santa Barbara Municipal Airport Goleta CA Yes
Western AWP SBP San Luis Obispo San Luis Obis. CA  
Western AWP SJC San Jose International Airport Santa Clara CA  
Western AWP SNS Salinas Municipal Airport Salinas CA  
Western AWP VNY Van Nuys Airport Van Nuys CA  
Western AWP WJF General Fox Airport Lancaster CA Yes
Western AWP HNL Honolulu International Airport Honolulu HI  
Western AWP KOA Keahole-Kona Intl. Airport Kailua Kona HI Yes
Western AWP LAS McCarren International Las Vegas NV  
Western AWP VGT North Las Vegas Air Terminal Las Vegas NV  

Region 10

Western AAL AKN King Salmon Airport King Salmon AK Yes
Western AAL ANC Ted Stevens International Airport Anchorage AK  
Western AAL BET Bethel Airport Bethel AK Yes
Western AAL ENA Kenai Municipal Airport Kenai AK Yes
Western AAL FAI Fairbanks International Airport Fairbanks AK Yes
Western AAL MRI Merrill Field Municipal Airport (NEW) Anchorage AK  
Western ANM LWS Lewiston-Nez Perce Airport Lewiston ID Yes
Western ANM PIH Pocatello Municipal Airport Pocatello ID Yes
Western ANM TWF Twin Falls-Sun Valley Airport Twin Falls ID Yes
Western ANM HIO Portland-Hillsboro Airport Hillsboro OR  
Western ANM SLE Salem-McNary Field Salem OR Yes
Western ANM ALW Walla Walla City-County Airport Walla Walla WA Yes
Western ANM BFI Boeing Fld./King Co. Intl. Apt. Seattle WA  
Western ANM PAE Paine Field Everett WA  
Western ANM SEA Seattle-Tacoma Intl. Airport Seattle WA  
Western ANM TIW Tacoma Narrows Airport Gig Harbor WA Yes
Western ANM YKM Yakima Municipal Airport Yakima WA Yes





Appendix C: List of FAA Non-Certified ACTCs by Region

FAA
Service
Area by
Region
FAA
Region
LOC
ID
Facility Name Location State Variance
Submitted

Region 1

Eastern ANE HVN Tweed-New Haven Airport New Haven CT Yes
Eastern ANE BOS Logan International Airport E. Boston MA  

Region 2

Eastern AEA CDW Essex County Airport Fairfield NJ Yes
Eastern AEA MMU Morristown Municipal Airport Morristown NJ  
Eastern AEA TEB Teterboro Airport Teterboro NJ Yes
Eastern AEA ALB Albany County Airport (NEW) Albany NY  
Eastern AEA BGM Binghamton Regional /Link Field Johnson City NY  
Eastern ASO SJU Puerto Rico International Airport Carolina PR  
Eastern AEA BUF Greater Buffalo International Cheektowaga NY  
Eastern AEA ELM Elmira-Corning Regional Airport Horseheads NY  
Eastern AEA HPN Westchester County Airport White Plains NY  
Eastern AEA ITH Tompkins County Airport Ithaca NY Yes
Eastern AEA LGA La Guardia Airport Flushing NY  
Eastern AEA POU Dutchess County Airport Wappingers Falls NY Yes
Eastern AEA ROC Rochester-Monroe County Airport Rochester NY  
Eastern ASO STX Henry Rohlsen Airport St. Croix VI Yes

Region 3

Eastern AEA ADW Andrews AFB Camp Springs MD  
Eastern AEA BWI Baltimore-Washington International Baltimore MD  
Eastern AEA HGR Hagerstown-Washington Co Reg Hagerstown MD Yes
Eastern AEA ABE Lehigh Valley Airport Allentown PA  
Eastern AEA AGC Allegheny County Airport West Mifflin PA  
Eastern AEA AVP Wilkes Barre/Scranton Airport Avoca PA  
Eastern AEA CXY Capital City Airport Middletown PA  
Eastern AEA ERI Erie International Airport Erie PA  
Eastern AEA MDT Harrisburg International Airport Middletown PA  
Eastern AEA PHL Philadelphia International Philadelphia PA  
Eastern AEA PNE Northeast Philadelphia Airport Philadelphia PA Yes
Eastern AEA CHO Charlottesville-Albemarle Airport Charlottesville VA Yes
Eastern AEA HEF Manassas Municipal Airport Manassas VA  
Eastern AEA ORF Norfolk International Airport Virginia Beach VA  
Eastern AEA CKB Benedum Airport Clarksburg WV Yes
Eastern AEA CRW Yeager Airport Charleston WV  
Eastern AEA HTS Tri-State Airport Ceredo WV  
Eastern AEA LWB Greenbrier Valley Airport Lewisburg WV Yes
Eastern AEA MGW Morgantown Municpal Airport Morgantown WV Yes
Eastern AEA PKB Wood County Airport Williamstown WV  

Region 4

Eastern ASO HSV Huntsville Intl./Jones Field Huntsville AL Yes
Eastern ASO MOB Bates Field Mobile AL Yes
Eastern ASO TCL Tuscaloosa Regional Airport Tuscaloosa AL Yes
Eastern ASO CRG Craig Municipal Airport Jacksonville FL Yes
Eastern ASO FPR St. Lucie County Intl. Airport Fort Pierce FL Yes
Eastern ASO HWO North Perry Airport Hollywood FL Yes
Eastern ASO OPF Opa -Locka Airport Opa-Locka FL Yes
Eastern ASO PFN Bay County Airport Panama City FL Yes
Eastern ASO PIE St. Petersburg-Clearwater Airport St. Petersburg FL Yes
Eastern ASO RSW Southwest Florida Intl. Airport Fort Myers FL  
Eastern ASO SPG Albert Whitted Airport St. Petersburg FL Yes
Eastern ASO TLH Tallahassee Regional Airport Tallahassee FL  
Eastern ASO TMB Kendall-Tamiami Airport Miami FL Yes
Eastern ASO ABY Southwest Georgia Regional Airport Albany GA Yes
Eastern ASO AHN Athens/Ben Epps Airport Athens GA Yes
Eastern ASO OWB Owensboro-Daviess Co. Airport Owensboro KY  
Eastern ASO GLH Mid Delta Regional Airport Greenville MS Yes
Eastern ASO GPT Gulfport-Biloxi Regional Airport Gulfport MS Yes
Eastern ASO HKS Hawkins Field Jackson MS Yes
Eastern ASO JAN Jackson Intl./Thompson Field Jackson MS Yes
Eastern ASO AVL Asheville Regional Airport Asheville NC  
Eastern ASO ILM New Hanover County Airport Wilmington NC Yes
Eastern ASO ISO Kinston Regional/Stallings Field Kinston NC Yes
Eastern ASO FLO Florence Regional Airport Florence SC Yes
Eastern ASO GSP Greenville-Spartanburg Airport Greer SC Yes
Eastern ASO CHA Lovell Field Chattanooga TN Yes
Eastern ASO TYS McGhee Tyson Airport Knoxville TN Yes

Region 5

Central AGL ARR Aurora Municipal Airport Sugar Grove IL Yes
Central AGL CPS St. Louis Downtown/Parks Airport Cahokia IL  
Central AGL DPA DuPage Airport West Chicago IL  
Central AGL MDH Southern Illinois Airport Carbondale IL Yes
Central AGL MDW Midway Airport Chicago IL  
Central AGL MLI Quad-City Airport Moline IL  
Central AGL MWA Williamson County Airport Marion IL Yes
Central AGL PIA Greater Peoria Airport Peoria IL  
Central AGL RFD Greater Rockford Airport Rockford IL  
Central AGL SPI Capital Airport Springfield IL  
Central AGL UGN Waukegan Airport Waukegan IL  
Central AGL FWA Fort Wayne Municipal Airport Fort Wayne IN  
Central AGL HUF Hulman Regional Airport Terre Haute IN  
Central AGL IND Indianapolis International Airport Indianapolis IN  
Central AGL LAF Purdue University Airport Lafayette IN Yes
Central AGL SBN Michiana Regional Airport South Bend IN  
Central AGL DTW Detroit Metro Airport Detroit MI  
Central AGL GRR Kent County International Airport Grand Rapids MI  
Central AGL MBS Tri-City Airport Freeland MI  
Central AGL TVC Cherry Capital Airport Traverse City MI Yes
Central AGL YIP Willow Run Airport Belleville MI Yes
Central AGL FCM Flying Cloud Airport Eden Prairie MN  
Central AGL MIC Crystal Airport Minneapolis MN  
Central AGL MSP Minneapolis-St. Paul Intl. Airport Minneapolis MN  
Central AGL RST Rochester Municipal Airport Rochester MN  
Central AGL CAK Akron-Canton Regional Airport North Akron OH  
Central AGL CGF Cuyahoga County Airport Richmond Hgts OH Yes
Central AGL CLE Cleveland-Hopkins Intl. Airport Cleveland OH  
Central AGL CMH Port Columbus Intl. Airport Columbus OH  
Central AGL DAY Dayton Cox International Airport Dayton OH  
Central AGL OSU Ohio State University Airport Columbus OH  
Central AGL TOL Toledo Express Airport Swanton OH  
Central AGL ATW Outagamie County Airport Appleton WI Yes
Central AGL OSH Wittman Regional Airport Oshkosh WI  

Region 6

Central ASW TXK Texarkanna Regional/Webb Field Texarkana AR Yes
Central ASW ESF Esler Regional Airport Alexandria LA Yes
Central ASW HUM Houma-Terrebonne Airport Houma LA  
Central ASW LCH Lake Charles Regional Airport Lake Charles LA Yes
Central ASW MLU Monroe Regional Airport Monroe LA  
Central ASW MSY New Orleans Intl./ Moisant Field New Orleans LA Yes
Central ASW SHV Shreveport Regional Airport Shreveport LA Yes
Central ASW ABQ Albuquerque International Airport Albuquerque NM Yes
Central ASW ROW Roswell Industrial Air Center Roswell NM  
Central ASW WDG Enid-Woodring Municipal Airport Enid OK Yes
Central ASW LAW Lawton Municipal Airport Lawton OK Yes
Central ASW RVS Riverside/R. L. Jones, Jr. Airport Tulsa OK Yes
Central ASW TUL Tulsa International Airport Tulsa OK  
Central ASW ABI Abilene Regional Airport Abilene TX  
Central ASW AMA Amarillo International Airport Amarillo TX Yes
Central ASW DAL Love Field Dallas TX Yes
Central ASW DFW Dallas-Ft. Worth (Center) Dallas/Ft. Worth TX Yes
Central ASW MA2 Dallas-Ft. Worth (East) Dallas/Ft. Worth TX Yes
Central ASW MB2 Dallas-Ft. Worth (West) Dallas/Ft. Worth TX Yes
Central ASW FTW Meacham Field Fort Worth TX  
Central ASW AFW Alliance Airport Ft. Worth TX Yes
Central ASW HRL Valley International Airport Harlingen TX Yes
Central ASW HOU William P. Hobby Airport Houston TX  
Central ASW IAH Houston Intercontinental Airport Houston TX Yes
Central ASW LRD Laredo International Airport Laredo TX  
Central ASW GGG Gregg Count Airport Longview TX Yes
Central ASW ACT Waco Regional Airport Waco TX Yes

Region 7

Central ACE SUX Sioux Gateway Municipal Airport Sioux City IA Yes
Central ACE COU Columbia Regional Airport Ashland MO Yes
Central ACE JLN Joplin Municipal Airport Joplin MO Yes
Central ACE SGF Springfield-Branson Reg. Airport Springfield MO Yes
Central ACE LNK Lincoln Municipal Airport Lincoln NE Yes
Central ASO OMA Eppley Airfield Omaha NE Yes

Region 8

Western ANM APA Centennial Airport (Arapahoe) Englewood CO  
Western ANM BJC Jefferson County Airport Broomfield CO  
Western ANM DEN Denver International Airport Denver CO  
Western ANM GJT Walker Field Grand Junction CO  
Central AGL FAR Hector Airport Fargo ND  
Central AGL MOT Minot International Airport Minot ND Yes
Western ANM SLC Salt Lake City International Airport Salt Lake City UT  

Region 9

Western AWP TUT Pago Pago International Airport Tafuna AS  
Western AWP FLG Pulliam Airport Flagstaff AZ Yes
Western AWP GYR Phoenix-Goodyear Municipal Goodyear AZ  
Western AWP FFZ Falcon Field Mesa AZ Yes
Western AWP PRC Love Field Prescott AZ Yes
Western AWP SDL Scottsdale Municipal Airport Mesa Scottsdale AZ Yes
Western AWP TUS Tuscon International Airport Mesa Tuscon AZ Yes
Western AWP BUR Burbank-Glendale Pasadena Apt. Burbank CA Yes
Western AWP CMA Camarillo Municipal Airport Camarillo CA Yes
Western AWP CIC Chico Municipal Airport Chico CA Yes
Western AWP CNO Chino Airport Chino CA Yes
Western AWP SNA John Wayne Airport Costa Mesa CA  
Western AWP SEE Gillespie Field El Cajon CA  
Western AWP EMT El Monte Airport El Monte CA  
Western AWP FAT Fresno Yosemite International Fresno CA  
Western AWP HWD Hayward Air Terminal Hayward CA  
Western AWP MYF Montgomery Field Kearny Mesa CA  
Western AWP POC Brackett Airport La Verne CA  
Western AWP MOD Modesto City-Co./Sham Field Modesto CA  
Western AWP OAK Oakland International Airport Oakland CA  
Western AWP OAKA Oakland International Airport (A) Oakland CA  
Western AWP ONT Ontario International Airport Ontario CA  
Western AWP SDM Brown Field Otay Mesa CA  
Western AWP OXR Oxnard Airport Oxnard CA Yes
Western AWP PSP Palm Springs Regional Airport Palm Springs CA  
Western AWP PAO Palo Alto-Santa Clara Co. Airport Palo Alto CA  
Western AWP RDD Redding Municipal Airport Redding CA Yes
Western AWP RAL Riverside Municipal Riverside CA  
Western AWP SMF Sacramento International Airport Sacramento CA  
Western AWP SQL San Carlos Airport San Carlos CA  
Western AWP SAN Lindbergh Field San Diego CA Yes
Western AWP SFO San Francisco Intl. Airport San Francisco CA  
Western AWP SMX Santa Maria Public Airport Santa Maria CA Yes
Western AWP SMO Santa Moncia Municipal Airport Santa Monica CA  
Western AWP STS Sonoma County Airport Santa Rosa CA  
Western AWP TVL Lake Tahoe Airport South Lake Tahoe CA  
Western AWP SCK Stockton Metro Airport Stockton CA  
Western AWP TOA Torrance Municipal Airport Torrance CA  
Western AWP GUM Guam International Airport Maite GU  
Western AWP ITO Hilo International/Lyman Field Hilo HI Yes
Western AWP LIH Lihue Airport Kauai HI  
Western AWP OGG Kahului Airport (Maui) Maui HI  
Western AWP MKK Molokai Airport Molokai HI Yes
Western AWP RNO Reno Cannon International Airport Reno NV  
Western AWP KWA Bucholz AFB Kwajalein Island PC Removed

Region 10

Western AAL ADQ Kodiak State Airport Kodiak AK Yes
Western ANM BOI Boise Air Terminal/Gowen Field Boise ID  
Western AAL JNU Juneau International Airport Juneau AK  
Western ANM EUG Mahlon-Sweet Airport Eugene OR  
Western ANM LMT Klamath Falls Intl./Kingsley Field Klamath Falls OR  
Western ANM PDX Portland International Airport Portland OR  
Western ANM RDM Roberts Field Redmond OR  
Western ANM BLI Bellingham International Airport Bellingham WA  
Western ANM GEG Spokane International Airport Spokane WA  
Western ANM MWH Grant County Airport Moses Lake WA  
Western ANM OLM Olympia Municipal Airport Olympia WA Yes
Western ANM PSC Tri-Cities Airport Pasco WA Yes
Western ANM SFF Felts Field Spokane WA  





Appendix D: List of Alternative B Towers

Region 1

Bradley International Airport ¿ Windsor Locks, CT

Region 2
Newark International Airport ¿ Newark, NJ
J.F. Kennedy International ¿ Jamaica, NY

Region 4
Birmingham International Airport ¿ Birmingham, AL
Sarasota-Bradenton Airport ¿ Sarasota, FL
Bush Field Municipal Airport ¿ Augusta, GA
Savannah International Airport ¿ Savannah, GA
Fayetteville Regional/Grannis Field ¿ Fayetteville, NC
Piedmont Triad Intl. Airport ¿ Greensboro, NC
Tri-City Airport ¿ Blountville, TN

Region 5
O'Hare International Airport ¿ Chicago, IL

Region 6
Will Rogers World Airport ¿ Oklahoma City, OK
San Antonio International Airport ¿ San Antonio, TX

Region 10
Fairbanks International Airport ¿ Fairbanks, AK
Seattle-Tacoma Intl. Airport ¿ Seattle, WA





Appendix E: FAA Points of Contact

FAA Eastern Service Area (ESA) ¿ Includes 21 Eastern States and Puerto Rico
Alabama
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Mississippi
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Pennsylvania
Puerto Rico
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
West Virginia

FAA ESA Fire/Life Safety Contacts
1. Patti Tilson
2. Reggie Ruller
3. Charles Bragdon
4. Bill Cooper
5. Jeff Curtis
404-305-6598, 404-216-2275
404-305-6566, 404-216-2277
202-267-8692, 202-355-3740
404-305-6569, 404-276-0068
202-646-2281, 202-431-2307

FAA Central Service Area (CSA) ¿ Includes 16 Central States
Arkansas
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Louisiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Missouri
Nebraska
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
South Dakota
Texas
Wisconsin

FAA CSA Fire/Life Safety Contacts
1. David Williams
2. Tom Allan
3. Charles Bragdon
4. Bill Cooper
5. Jeff Curtis
817-222-4741, 913-220-9351
817-222-4729, 817-909-6766
202-267-8692, 202-355-3740
404-305-6569, 404-276-0068
202-646-2281, 202-431-2307

FAA Western Service Area (WSA) Includes 13 Western States
Alaska
Arizona
California
Colorado
Hawaii
Idaho
Montana
Nevada
New Mexico
Oregon
Utah
Washington
Wyoming

FAA WSA Fire/Life Safety Contacts
1. David J. Powers
2. Vincent Collins
3. Charles Bragdon
4. Bill Cooper
5. Jeff Curtis
425-227-1552, 253-208-7337
425-227-1633, 425-466-1096
202-267-8692, 202-355-3740
404-305-6569, 404-276-0068
202-646-2281, 202-431-2307




Appendix F: Hazard Alert Letter Template

{Letterhead/Area Office Information}

Note: This letter must be adapted to the specific circumstances noted in each inspection. The letter below is an example of the type of letter that will be appropriate in some circumstances. If the agency has implemented, or is in the process of implementing efforts to address problem conditions, those efforts should be recognized and encouraged, if appropriate.

{Date}

{Address:
Federal Aviation Administration
Site Manager
Location site}

{Attention: FAA Regional Safety and Health Manager Location}

Dear Mr/Mrs/Ms {Name}:


An inspection of your workplace at {Location} on {Date} revealed that employees are exposed to hazards associated with {Description of hazards}.

Our inspection found that you have not developed or implemented measures to protect employees from {name hazard}. The employees {at the location} are exposed to {Describe the defect.}.

At this time, we do not consider it appropriate to invoke the General Duty Clause or Basic Program 29 CFR 1960.8(a), Elements for Federal Employees Occupational Safety and Health Administration. However, in the interest of workplace safety and health, I recommend that you voluntarily take the necessary steps to eliminate or materially reduce your employees' exposure to {name hazard}. Feasible methods to protect employees from {name of injury or illness} may include, but are not limited to, the following:

e.g.: {Describe feasible abatement}

For general guidance and recommended control measures, please refer to OSHA's website at http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/firesafety/index.html

If you have any questions, please feel free to call {Area Director} at {Phone Number}

Sincerely,



{Name}, Area Director
{Area Office}



Attachments: {List Resources}



Archive Notice - OSHA Archive

NOTICE: This is an OSHA Archive Document, and may no longer represent OSHA Policy. It is presented here as historical content, for research and review purposes only.