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Vehicle Maintenance

Forklift mechanics are exposed to a variety of hazardous materials. Chemicals pose a wide range of health hazards, such as irritation, sensitization, and carcinogenicity, and physical hazards, such as flammability, corrosion, and reactivity. Forklift operators, often perform some of their own maintenance, such as refueling diesel or gasoline powered trucks, changing propane tanks on LPG trucks, or recharging and servicing electric batteries on electric forklifts. They may also change oil, antifreeze, or other fluids, and therefore, are exposed to a variety of hazardous chemicals. The following is an overview of the regulations, training requirements, and other resources related to maintenance of powered industrial trucks:

OSHA Compliance

All general industry standards apply to workers performing maintenance on powered industrial trucks.

OSHA Standards

General Industry (29 CFR 1910)

  • 1910.178, Powered industrial trucks. Note the following sections:

OSHA Directives: Instructions to OSHA staff

OSHA Enforcement Standard Interpretations

Training Requirements
  • 29 CFR 1910.178, Powered industrial trucks. OSHA Standard. Includes specific training requirements for forklift operators who change and charge batteries, handle propane tanks, fuel diesel or gasoline engines, and otherwise repair and maintain powered industrial trucks.

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