Powered industrial trucks (referred to as PITs or forklifts) are used in numerous work settings, primarily to load and unload materials. Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving forklifts and they represent about 25% of all forklift-related deaths. The case studies examined by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) indicate that the forklift, the factory environment, and actions of the operator can all contribute to fatal incidents involving forklifts. In addition, these fatalities indicate that many employees and employers are not using or may be unaware of safety procedures and the proper use of forklifts to reduce the risk of injury and death.
For additional information on this fatality data, see Preventing Injuries and Deaths of Workers Who Operate or Work Near Forklifts (US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 2001-109 (June 2001)). The following is an overview of the regulations, training requirements, and other resources pertaining to PITs:
The powered industrial trucks standard (29 CFR 1910.178) is the most commonly cited standard in the material-handling industries.
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
Shipyard Employment (29 CFR 1915)
Marine Terminals (29 CFR 1917)
Longshoring (29 CFR 1918)
Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)
For additional information, see OSHA Standards section, Frequently Cited OSHA Standards, and Other Federal Agency's Standards and Guidance sections of this document.
For further information on industry standards, see Consensus Standards and Recommendations from other Professional Organizations sections of this document.
OSHA Directives: Instructions to OSHA staff
OSHA Enforcement Standard Interpretations
Oil and Well Gas Drilling and Servicing
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