- Suspended scaffold outrigger beams must be stabilized by:
- Counterweights, or
- Bolts or other direct connections to the floor or deck. [1926.451(d)(3)]
- Counterweights used to balance adjustable suspension scaffolds must be capable of resisting:
- At least 4 times the tipping moment imposed by the scaffold when it is operating at the rated load of the hoist, or
- A minimum of 1½ times the tipping moment imposed by the scaffold when it is operating at the stall load of the hoist, whichever is greater. [1926.451(a)(2)]
- Only items specifically designed as counterweights may be used to counterweight scaffold systems. [1926.451(d)(3)(iii)]
- Masonry units, rolls of roofing felt, and other similar construction materials shall not be used as counterweights. [1926.451(d)(3)(iii)]
- Counterweights must not be made of flowable materials such as sand, gravel, and similar materials that can be easily dislocated. [1926.451(d)(3)(ii)]
- Counterweights must be secured by mechanical means to the outrigger beams (Figures 2 & 3) to prevent accidental displacement. [1926.451(d)(3)(iv)]
- Counterweights must not be removed from an outrigger beam until the scaffold is disassembled. [1926.451(d)(3)(v)]
These counterweights are supposed to be secured to the outrigger system by a steel plate clamped with bolts...
....but they have been pulled away by the weight on this yellow fall protection rope. Because fall protection must be independent of the scaffold, the counterweight violation was caused by this fall protection violation. If the counterweights had come completely loose, what would have secured the lifelines when the scaffold came down?