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Plant-Wide Hazards
   >> Additional References

The following links provide information on hazards and controls for many topics associated with sawmill operations. The actual hazards encountered will depend on an evaluation of the operation in question.

What types of injuries and illnesses can occur in the Wood Products Industry? The following data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) characterizes injuries and illnesses for selected SIC codes from the Wood Products Industry. Visit the BLS Safety and Health Statistics page for more information.

Health Hazard References:

Heat Stress

Cold Stress

Diesel Exhaust

  • Diesel Exhaust. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
  • Diesel Exhaust. American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) Health and Safety Fact Sheet.
  • Exhausted by Diesel - How America's Dependence on Diesel Engines Threatens Our Health. Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and Coalition for Clean Air, (1998, June).
  • Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety. International Labour Organization (ILO).
    • Chapter 68, Forestry - Chemical Hazard.
    • Chapter 71, Lumber
  • Graves, J. and John Cain. "A survey of exposure to diesel engine exhaust emission in the workplace." Annals of Occupational Hygiene 44.6(2000): 435-447.
  • Carraro, E. et al. "Biological activity of particle exhaust emissions from eight-duty diesel engines." Journal of Environmental Petrology, Toxicology and Oncology 16.2-3(1997): 101-109.
  • Boffetta, P., R.E. Harris, and E.L. Wynder. "Case-control study an occupational exposure to diesel exhaust and lung cancer risk." American Journal Industrial Medicine 17.5(1990): 577-591.
  • Kilburn, Kaye. "Effects of diesel exhaust on neurobehavior and pulmonary functions." Archives of Environmental Health. (2000, January).

Chemical Hazards

Lyme Disease

Sun Exposure



General Resources

  • Rosenstack, L. and Cullen, M. Textbook of Clinical Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, (2004).
  • Wald, Peter H., and Gregg M. Stove.  Physical and Biological Hazards of the Workplace. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, (1994).
  • Zenz, Carl, Dicherson, O. Bruce, and Horwoth, Edward P. Occupational Medicine. 3rd ed. Mosby: St. Louis: Missouri, (1994).
  • Parmeggiani, Luigi, ed. Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety. 4th ed. Geneva: International Labor Office, (1998).
  • Raffle, P.A.B., P.H. Adams, Peter J. Baxter and W.R. Lee. Hunters Diseases of Occupations. 8th edition. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, (1994).
  • Peter H. Wald, and Greg M. Stove. Physical and Biological Hazards of the Workplace. Van Nostrand Reinhold, (1994).
  • Carl Zenz, O. Bruce Dickerson and Edward P. Harvath Jr. Occupational Medicine. 3rd edition. Mosby: St. Louis, Missouri, (1994).
  • William N. Rom. Environmental and Occupational Medicine. 3rd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, (1998).

Dermal Exposure

  • Dermal Exposure. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
  • Armstrong, W.P. and W.L. Epstein. "Poison Oak: More Than Just Scratching The Surface." Herbalgram 34  (1995):36-42.
  • Lee, N.P. and E R Arriola. "Poison ivy, oak and sumac dermatitis." Western Journal of Medicine 171.5-6(1999, November-December):354-355.
  • Poison Ivy Control. Missouri Department of Conservation.  
  • Outsmarting Poison Ivy and Other Poisonous Plants. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Discusses how to treat and prevent poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac.
  • Hauser, Susan Carol. Outwitting Poison Ivy. Guilford: The Lyons Press, (2001).
  • Fisher, A.A. "Poison ivy/oak dermatitis. Part I: Prevention - soap and water, topical barriers, hypersentization." Cutis, 57.6(June, 1996): 384-6.

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