Safely operating a forklift requires preparation,
anticipation and careful attention in order to maintain control of the vehicle at all times. This module will
identify recommended practices associated with each of the following operations:
Inspect and maintain the forklift before use.
Use good operating practices to prevent accidents.
Identify the hazards and recommended practices for each step in the load handling process
(including an in-depth discussion on Load Composition).
Protecting Young Workers: Prohibition
Against Young Workers Operating
Forklifts. OSHA Safety and Health Bulletin, (2003, September 30).
Also available as a 109 KB
Given the significant number of young workers employed,
especially during the summer months, OSHA and Wage and Hour Division (WHD)
believe that it is important to remind all employers of the regulations that
prohibit workers under 18 years of age from operating specified hazardous
machines and equipment, including forklift trucks in non-agricultural
Injuries and Deaths of Workers Who Operate or Work Near Forklifts. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2001-109, (2001, June). Forklift overturns
are the leading cause of fatalities involving forklifts; they represent about 25 percent of all forklift-related deaths.
Most fatalities occur when a worker is crushed by a forklift that has overturned or fallen from a loading dock. NIOSH
investigations of forklift-related deaths indicate that many workers and employers:
- May not be aware of the risks of operating or working near forklifts
- Are not following the procedures set forth in the OSHA standards, consensus
standards, or equipment manufacturer's guidelines.