A floor plan shows the possible evacuation routes in the
building. It is color coded and uses arrows to indicate the designated exit. A
room containing hazardous materials is indicated in the lower right hand corner of the building
by the flame symbol. The assembly
area is indicated outside the primary exit at the top of the building.
An evacuation floor plan with three exits, has the primary
exit designated in the upper left by red arrows, with two main flows coming toward
it indicated by bent arrows, the red rooms, and red elevator. Persons in the upper left half of the building are
directed toward this exit.
The secondary exit is located centrally on the
adjacent outer wall on the right side of the building. Persons in the top
hallway and second hallway are directed with tan arrows from the tan colored
rooms toward this exit. A male and female figure (representing restrooms) are indicated in the first tan
colored rooms in the upper hallway. The individuals should exit along the
hallway toward the secondary exit at the right side of the building. Both the
primary and secondary exits are marked with handicapped signs.
There is a
third exit in the last hallway, centrally located in the outer wall opposite the
outer wall with the primary exit and adjacent to the outer wall with the secondary exit. Persons in
the third hallway are directed by blue arrows from the blue colored rooms and
blue elevator to exit out this doorway. This exit is not designated for
handicapped persons as stairs are indicated.
indicate a row of rooms along the outer walls, with hallways parallel to the rows of outer rooms on three sides of the building. The outer wall on the
left side of the building has a hallway along the outer wall. Four sets of six
colored rooms are along the internal corridors and there are
three large rooms centrally located with internal hallways connecting the top
and bottom of the building.
The Primary Exit is marked with an arrow from the text below the map, as is the
Secondary Exit. An X inscribed in a circle marks the position of the employee,
indicated in the legend, in text "You are here". On the floor plan, the employee
is located in the upper left hand corner in the internal set of six red colored
rooms, in the central room in the second hallway. The employee may exit the red
colored room, either to the left or right (indicated by red arrows), and then
proceed toward the outer wall and the upper left primary exit.
[Includes images of colored linked dots: red(1), tan(2), blue(3), red(4), tan(5), blue(6), red(7), tan(8), blue(9)
corresponding to the nine hypertext links below which are displayed on mouse over.]
Learn about elements of a good emergency evacuation floor plan by moving your mouse over the items listed below.
1. Designate Primary & Secondary Exits
Your evacuation floor plan should designate at least one primary exit and one
exit. These exits must be remote from each other and so arranged as to minimize
possibility that both may be blocked by any one fire or other emergency
2. No Emergency Exits in Restrooms
Even if there is a door in a restroom that employees could exit out of, no
emergency exits are designated through restrooms for evacuation of a
building. Windows are never designated as exits.
Consequently, the floor plan does not indicate the restroom as an exit.
3. Exit Away From Rooms With Hazardous Materials
Emergency exit routes lead away from this room containing potentially hazardous materials
so that no employee will be forced to pass the area during an emergency.
4. No Emergency Exits Into Narrow Passages
This short passageway between the two buildings may not provide enough open space for safe
evacuation during an emergency. Accordingly, no emergency exit leads to this narrow space.
5. Exit Signs Indicating the Nearest Emergency Exit
Signs reading "Exit" with an arrow indicating the directions,
must be placed in every location where the direction of travel to reach the nearest exit is
not immediately apparent.
6. Designate An Assembly Area
An assembly location should be designated outside the building for employees to gather
during an emergency. The location of this assembly area should be clearly illustrated if
shown on the map.
7. No Use of Elevators To Reach an Emergency Exit
The floor plan of a multiple-story building should show the locations of stairways and
elevators and must indicate that the stairs, not the elevators, are the appropriate means of
exit in case of emergency.
8. Indicate Exits with Wheelchair Access
Where applicable, exits with wheelchair access should be designated on the
9. Indicate the Employee's Current Location
The floor plan should indicate the employee's current location in the building.