- Safety and Health Topics
- Crane, Derrick and Hoist Safety
Crane, Derrick and Hoist Safety
Visit the Cranes and Derricks Safety - Final Rule Page for information on the final rule.
This section highlights OSHA standards, Federal Register notices (rules, proposed rules, and notices), directives (instruction to OSHA staff), and letters of interpretation (official letters of interpretation of the standards) related to crane, derrick, and hoist safety.
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
- 1910 Subpart N, Materials handling and storage
- 1910 Subpart S, Electrical
- Appendix A, Reference documents
Marine Terminals (29 CFR 1917)
- 1917 Subpart D, Specialized terminals
- 1917.71, Terminals handling intermodal containers or roll-on roll-off operations
- 1917 Subpart F, Terminal facilities
- 1917.116, Elevators and escalators
Longshoring (29 CFR 1918)
- 1918 Subpart F, Vessel's cargo handling gear
- 1918 Subpart G, Cargo handling gear and equipment other than ship's gear
- 1918 Subpart H, Handling cargo
- 1918 Subpart I, General working conditions
- 1918.98, Qualifications of machinery operators and supervisory training
- 1918 Subpart J, Personal protective equipment
Gear Certification (29 CFR 1919)
- 1919.2, Definition of terms
- 1919.12, Recordkeeping and related procedures concerning records in custody of the vessel
- 1919.15, Periodic tests, examinations andinspections
- 1919.16, Heat treatment
- 1919.21, Marking and posting of safe working loads
- 1919.24, Limitations on use of wire rope
- 1919.28, Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto
- 1919.73, Unit proof test and examination of derricks
- 1919.75, Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's data
Construction Industry (29 CFR 1926)
- 1926 Subpart K, Electrical
- 1926.406, Specific purpose equipment and installations
- 1926 Subpart N, Helicopters, Hoists, Elevators, and Conveyors
- 1926 Subpart V, Power transmission and distribution
- 1926.953, Material handling. Regulations for crane and hoist signaling will be found in applicable American National Standards Institute standards.
Federal Register Notices
- Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Operator Certification. Final Rule 79: 57785-57798, (September 26, 2014).
- Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Revising the Exemption for Digger Derricks. Final Rule 78:32110-32116, (May 29, 2013). OSHA published a direct final rule and a companion notice of proposed rulemaking on November 9, 2012, to broaden the exemption for digger derricks in its construction standard for cranes and derricks. OSHA received a significant adverse comment on the direct final rule during the comment period, and as a result, OSHA withdrew the direct final rule on February 7, 2013. After considering this comment, OSHA is issuing this final rule based on the notice of proposed rulemaking.
- Cranes and Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Underground Construction and Demolition. Final Rule 78: 23837-23843, (April 23, 2013). The effective date of the final rule is May 23, 2013.
- Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Revising the Exemption for Digger Derricks. Withdrawl of Direct Final Rule 78: 8985, (February 7, 2013).
- Revising the Exemption for Digger Derricks in the Cranes and Derricks in Construction Standard. Final Rule 77:67270-67276, (November 9, 2012).
- Cranes and Derricks in Construction. Final Rule 75:47905-48177, (August 9, 2010). The effective date of the final rule was November 8, 2010.
- Safety Standards for Cranes and Derricks. Proposed Rules 69:27870, (May 17, 2004). OSHA announced that the Crane and Derrick Negotiated Rulemaking Advisory Committee (C-DAC) extended the dates and times of the June meeting in Phoenix, AZ. The meeting will be on June 1, 2, 3 and 4, 2004.
- Safety Standards for Cranes and Derricks. Meeting 69:22748-22749, (April 27, 2004). OSHA announces a meeting of the Crane and Derrick Negotiated Rulemaking Advisory Committee on June 2, 3, and 4.
- Safety Standards for Cranes and Derricks. Meeting 69:12098, (March 15, 2004). Notice of cancellation of March 29, 30, and 31, 2004 Crane and Derrick Negotiated Rulemaking Advisory Committee meeting.
- Safety Standards for Cranes and Derricks. Notice 68:35172, (June 12, 2003).
- Safety Standards for Cranes and Derricks. Notice 68:9036-9037, (February 27, 2003). Links to a notice of proposed Negotiated Rulemaking Committee membership; request for comments. Comments must be received by March 31, 2003.
- Compliance Directive for the Cranes and Derricks in Construction Standard. CPL 02-01-057, (October 17, 2014). Provides guidelines for enforcement procedures and inspection guidance conducted for equipment covered by Subpart CC.
- Maritime Cargo Gear Standards and 29 CFR Part 1919 Certification. CPL 02-01-055, (September 30, 2013). Provides national, regional and area offices, interested industry groups, and State and federal agencies guidance concerning OSHA's policy and procedures on the enforcement of standards and the requirements for 29 CFR Part 1919 Gear Certification in the maritime industry (shipyard employment, marine terminals and longshoring operations).
- 29 CFR 1926.605(a)(1) as Applied to Marine Construction. STD 03-13-002 [STD 3-13.2], (July 15, 1982). Discusses testing and certification of construction equipment used to handle cargo.
- Interpretation of "Normal Operating Conditions" for Overhead and Gantry Cranes, and Derricks. STD 03-12-004 [STD 3-12.4], (February 8, 1982).
Letters of Interpretation
- A worm drive gearbox is not considered to be a holding brake. (November 15, 2005).
- Holding brake requirements on overhead cranes. (November 8, 1996).
- Interpretation of the overhead and gantry cranes standard. (September 26, 1996).
- The new fall protection provisions of Subpart M and their application to various types of aerial lifts. (March 27, 1995).
- Crane overload tests must be performed according to the manufacturers specifications and limitations. (November 10, 1993).
- Suspended personnel platforms. (February 17, 1993).
- Inspection of cranes used at a construction site. (February 1, 1993).
- Elevator Hazards During Construction. (February 25, 1992).
- Use of crane or derrick suspended personnel platforms. (February 18, 1992).
There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.