Occupational Safety and Health Administration OSHA

Crane, Derrick and Hoist Safety

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Crane, Derrick and Hoist Safety Menu

Standards

Visit the Cranes and Derricks Safety - Final Rule Page for information on the final rule.

Crane, derrick, and hoist safety hazards are addressed in specific OSHA standards for general industry, marine terminals, longshoring, gear certification, and construction. This section highlights OSHA standards and documents related to crane, derrick, and hoist safety.

General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
Related Information
Subpart N – Materials Handling and Storage 1910.179, Overhead and gantry cranes
1910.180, Crawler locomotive and truck cranes
1910.181, Derricks
1910.183, Helicopters
Subpart S – Electrical Appendix A, Reference documents  
Maritime (29 CFR 1915, 1917, 1918)
Related Information
1917 Subpart D – Specialized Terminals 1917.71, Terminals handling intermodal containers or roll-on roll-off operations
1917 Subpart F – Terminal Facilities 1917.116, Elevators and escalators  
1918 Subpart F – Vessel's Cargo Handling Gear 1918.51, General requirements (See also 1918.11 and Appendix III of this part)
1918.55, Cranes (See also 1918.11)
1918 Subpart G – Cargo Handling Gear and Equipment Other than Ship's Gear 1918.62, Miscellaneous auxiliary gear  
1918.66, Cranes and derricks other than vessel's gear
1918 Subpart H – Handling Cargo 1918.81, Slinging
1918.85, Containerized cargo operations
1918 Subpart I – General Working Conditions 1918.98, Qualifications of machinery operators and supervisory training
1918 Subpart J – Personal Protective Equipment  
1918.105, Other protective measures
Gear Certification (29 CFR 1919)
Related Information
Subpart A – General Provisions 1919.2, Definition of terms  
Subpart C – Duties of Persons Accredited to Certificate Vessels' Cargo Gear 1919.12, Recordkeeping and related procedures concerning records in custody of the vessel
Subpart D – Certification of Vessels' Cargo Gear 1919.15, Periodic tests, examinations andinspections  
1919.16, Heat treatment  
1919.21, Marking and posting of safe working loads  
1919.24, Limitations on use of wire rope  
Subpart E – Certification of Vessels: Tests and Proof Loads; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons 1919.28, Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto  
Subpart H – Certification of Shore-Based Material Handling Devices 1919.73, Unit proof test and examination of derricks  
1919.75, Determination of crane or derrick safe working loads and limitations in absence of manufacturer's data  
Construction (29 CFR 1926)
Related Information
Subpart K – Electrical 1926.406, Specific purpose equipment and installations
Subpart N – Helicopters, Hoists, Elevators, and Conveyors 1926.551, Helicopters
1926.552, Material hoists, personnel hoists, and elevators
1926.553, Base-mounted drum hoists  
1926.554, Overhead hoists
1926.555, Conveyors
1926.556, Aerial lifts
Subpart V – Power Transmission and Distribution 1926.953, Material handling. Regulations for crane and hoist signaling will be found in applicable American National Standards Institute standards.
Additional Federal Register notices

Note: The "Federal Register notice" bullets above link to Federal Register notices related to each OSHA standard. The notices in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

Additional Directives

Note: The "Directives" bullets above link to directives related to each OSHA standard. The directives in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

Additional Letters of Interpretation

Note: The “Letters of interpretation” bullets above link to letters related to each OSHA standard. The letters in this list provide additional information that is not necessarily connected to a specific OSHA standard highlighted on this Safety and Health Topics page.

State Standards

There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

State Standards

There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.

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