Crane, Derrick and Hoist Safety
Visit the Cranes and Derricks Safety - Final Rule Page for information on the final rule.
Moving large, heavy loads is crucial to today's manufacturing and construction industries. Much technology has been developed for these operations, including careful training and extensive workplace precautions. There are significant safety issues to be considered, both for the operators of the diverse "lifting" devices, and for workers in proximity to them. This page is a starting point for finding information about these devices, including elevators and conveyors, and their operation.
Crane, derrick, and hoist safety hazards are addressed in specific standards for the general industry, marine terminals, longshoring, gear certification, and the construction industry.
How do I find out about employer responsibilities and workers' rights?
Workers have a right to a safe workplace. The law requires employers to provide their employees with safe and healthful workplaces. The OSHA law also prohibits employers from retaliating against employees for exercising their rights under the law (including the right to raise a health and safety concern or report an injury). For more information see www.whistleblowers.gov or Workers' rights under the OSH Act.
OSHA can help answer questions or concerns from employers and workers. To reach your regional or area OSHA office, go to the OSHA Offices by State webpage or call 1-800-321-OSHA (6742).
Small business employers may contact OSHA's free and confidential On-site Consultation program to help determine whether there are hazards at their worksites and work with OSHA on correcting any identified hazards. Consultants in this program from state agencies or universities work with employers to identify workplace hazards, provide advice on compliance with OSHA standards, and assist in establishing injury and illness prevention programs. On-site Consultation services are separate from enforcement activities and do not result in penalties or citations. To contact OSHA's free consultation service, go to OSHA's On-site Consultation web page or call 1-800-321-OSHA (6742) and press number 4.
Workers may file a complaint to have OSHA inspect their workplace if they believe that their employer is not following OSHA standards or that there are serious hazards. Workers can file a complaint with OSHA by calling 1-800-321-OSHA (6742), online via eComplaint Form, or by printing the complaint form and mailing or faxing it to the local OSHA area office. Complaints that are signed by a worker are more likely to result in an inspection.
If you think your job is unsafe or if you have questions, contact OSHA at 1-800-321-OSHA (6742). Your contact will be kept confidential. We can help. For other valuable worker protection information, such as Workers' Rights, Employer Responsibilities, and other services OSHA offers, visit OSHA's Workers' page.
- NEW Compliance Directive for the Cranes and Derricks in Construction Standard OSHA Directive CPL 02-01-057, (2014, October 17).
- NEW Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Operator Certification. Final Rule 79: 57785-57798, (2014, September 26).
- NEW OSHA extends compliance date for crane operator certification requirements. OSHA News Release, (2014, September 25).
- OSHA issues final rule to broaden exemption for digger derricks in its Cranes and Derricks standard. OSHA News Release, (2013, May 28).
- OSHA issues final rule to protect workers using cranes and derricks in demolition and underground construction. OSHA News Release, (2013, April 23).
- Small Entity Compliance Guide for the Final Rule for Cranes and Derricks in Construction. OSHA Publication 3433-05, (2011).
- Subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Qualified Rigger (PDF*). OSHA Fact Sheet, (2010, October).
- Subpart CC – Cranes and Derricks in Construction: Signal Person Qualification (PDF*). OSHA Fact Sheet, (2010, October).
- US Department of Labor's OSHA publishes final rule on cranes and derricks in construction. OSHA News Release, (2010, July 28)
- Federal Register (PDF*). The Office of the Federal Register published the final rule on August 9, 2010. Effective date is Nov. 8, 2010.
- Cranes and Derricks in Construction Final Rule. OSHA Fact Sheet, (2010, July 28).
*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.
All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.
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