Medical Screening and Surveillance



Medical screening and medical surveillance are two fundamental strategies for optimizing employee health. Although the terms are often used interchangeably, they are quite distinct concepts. Medical screening is, in essence, only one component of a comprehensive medical surveillance program. The fundamental purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment of the individual and thus has a clinical focus. The fundamental purpose of surveillance is to detect and eliminate the underlying causes such as hazards or exposures of any discovered trends and thus has a prevention focus. Both can contribute significantly to the success of worksite health and safety programs. However OSHA "medical surveillance" requirements are generally clinically focused (e.g.,medical and work histories, physical assessment, biological testing) with information obtained from the clinical processes used in the monitoring and analysis elements of medical surveillance.


Medical screening and surveillance are addressed in specific OSHA standards for general industry.

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Medical Screening

Provides information about medical screening and clinical evaluation.

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Medical Surveillance

Provides resources that contain medical surveillance information including specific hazards and surveillance guidelines.

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Additional Resources

Provides links and references to additional resources related to first aid.

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