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Health Effects and Possible Solutions
- Hazard of Laser Surgery Smoke. OSHA Hazard Information Bulletin (HIB), (April 11, 1988). Associates potential airborne biological hazards with the use of lasers during surgery.
- Control of Smoke from Laser/Electric Surgical Procedures. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-128 (Hazard Controls 11), (1996). Describes the hazards and methods to control smoke plumes when using lasers or electrosurgical units during surgery.
- Laser Plume in Surgical Procedures. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), Ontario Ministry of Labour Information Alert 24, (August 19, 1992). Describes hazards and control recommendations for laser plume.