Figure 1: Chain fall (hoist) attached to rudder
Figure 1: Chain fall (hoist) attached to rudder.

Chain falls and pull-lifts such as come-alongs are frequently used to move or lift heavy items. Anchor points must be strong enough to carry the load and the attachment device must be secured.

Note: Confined space entry is one of the leading hazards associated with barge cleaning. Review Shipbreaking: Confined or Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres for information on how to protect workers from this hazard.

Figure 2: Improper practice - Chain fall capacity clearly marked, but with defective safety gate on hook

Potential Hazard

Failure of equipment, anchor points, or supporting structures due to overloading, distortion, or misuse may cause serious injuries.

Figure 3: Chain pull-lift with proper capacity and anchor point, used to support propeller shaft

Requirements and Example Solutions

  • Chain falls and pull-lifts capacity must be clearly marked. [29 CFR 1915.114(a)]. See Figure 2.
  • Capacity must not be exceeded. [29 CFR 1915.114(a)]
  • Chain falls and pull-lifts must be regularly inspected. [29 CFR 1915.114(b)]
  • Straps, shackles, and the beam or overhead structure to which a chain fall or pull-lift is secured must be of adequate strength to support the weight of load and gear. [29 CFR 1915.114(c)]
  • The upper hook must be moused or otherwise secured. [29 CFR 1915.114(c)]
  • Scaffolding must not be used as a point of attachment for lifting devices unless specifically designed for that purpose. [29 CFR 1915.114(d)]