Shipyard Employment eTool
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) >> Hazard Assessment
The first step in the development of a PPE program is to conduct a comprehensive hazard assessment. [29 CFR 1915.152(b)]
The following section addresses:
Note: Confined space entry is one of the leading hazards associated with barge cleaning. Review the Ship Repair: Confined or Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres chapter for information on how to protect workers from this hazard.
A determination of whether hazards are present or are likely to be present must be conducted. [29 CFR 1915.152(b)] If such hazards are present or are likely to be present the employer shall select the type of PPE.
Hazards to evaluate may include:
- Impact (falling objects, struck-by hazards, impact tools)
- Puncture and cuts (tools, knives, slag, nails, wire rope, sheet metal)
- Compression/Crushing (gears, struck-by hazards, shifting loads)
- Chemical (solvents, corrosives, paints, fumes)
- Heat/Cold (welding, burning, environmental temperatures)
- Burns (thermal, chemical)
- Vibration (pneumatic tools)
- Dust (heavy metals, silica)
- Light (optical) radiation (arc welding, lasers)
- Excessive noise (abrasive blasting, needle gunning, scaling, grinding, metal straightening)
- Falling (from elevations, into water)
- Maritime /Labor Industry recommends that the PPE hazard assessment be part of a broader assessment (such as Job Safety Analysis) which includes a demolition plan, engineering, administrative, and other hazard controls.
The hazard assessments must be documented [29 CFR 1915.152(b)(4)] and include the following information:
- Dates of the hazard assessment
- Name of the person performing the hazard assessment
- Maritime /Labor Industry recommends that a written PPE Program that describes how the employer meets each element of the standard.