Chain falls and pull-lifts such as come-alongs are frequently used to move or lift heavy items. Anchor points must be strong enough to carry the load and the attachment device must be secured.

Figure 1: Chain falls attached to proper support structure

Potential Hazard

Failure of equipment, anchor points, or supporting structures due to overloading, distortion, or misuse may cause serious injuries.

Requirements and Example Solutions

  • Chain falls and pull-lifts capacity must be clearly marked. [29 CFR 1915.114(a)]
  • Capacity must not be exceeded. [29 CFR 1915.114(a)]
  • Chain falls and pull-lifts must be regularly inspected. [29 CFR 1915.114(b)]
  • Straps, shackles, and the beam or overhead structure to which a chain fall or pull-lift is secured must be of adequate strength to support the weight of load and gear. [29 CFR 1915.114(c)]
  • Figure 2: Upper hook of a come-along, secured in place by safety latch on hook
    The upper hook must be moused or otherwise secured. [29 CFR 1915.114(c)]
  • Scaffolding must not be used as a point of attachment for lifting devices unless specifically designed for that purpose. [29 CFR 1915.114(d)]
  • ANSI B30.1 through B30.17
  • Process: Handling Large Materials. OSHA Shipbuilding and Repair Safety and Health Topics Page.
Figure 3: Improper practice - Load applied to the throat of the hook, safety latch defective