Shipyard Employment eTool
General Requirements >> Access and Guarding of Work Surfaces
Improper access to vessels, spaces, dry docks, and marine railways increases the risk of fall, struck-by, and crushing hazards.
- Access to Vessels
- Access to Cargo Spaces and Confined Spaces
- Access and Guarding of Drydocks and Marine Railways
- Working Surfaces
Inadequate guarding of drydock and marine railway equipment exposes workers to crushing and caught-between hazards such as pinch-point. Deck edge and work surface guards are critical in preventing elevated falls.
Note: Confined space entry is one of the leading hazards associated with barge cleaning. Review the Ship Repair: Confined or Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres chapter for information on how to protect workers from this hazard.
It is important to note that:
- Minimum walking surface such as gangway, cat walks, and temporary decking is 20 inches wide. [29 CFR 1915.73(f), 29 CFR 1915.74(b), 29 CFR 1915.75(a), 29 CFR 1915.75(g), 29 CFR 1915.74(a)(1), and 29 CFR 1915.77(d)]
Typical guardrails are 42 inches high with a mid-rail. [29 CFR 1915.73(c), 29 CFR 1915.75(b), and 29 CFR 1915.77(d)]
- When working more than 5 feet over a solid surface, guardrails or personal fall protection must be used. [29 CFR 1915.73(d) and 29 CFR 1915.77(c)]
When working over water, guardrails, personal fall protection, or personal flotation devices are required. [29 CFR 1915.73(e) and 29 CFR 1915.77(e)]