Shipyard Employment eTool
General Requirements >> Access and Guarding of Work Surfaces
Access to Vessels, Access to Cargo and Confined Space, Guarding of Deck Opening and Edges, and Working
Improper access to vessels, spaces, dry docks, and marine railways increases the risk of fall, struck-by, and crushing hazards.
- Access to Vessels
- Access to Cargo Spaces and Confined Spaces
- Access and Guarding of Drydocks and Marine Railways
- Working Surfaces
Inadequate guarding of drydock and marine railway equipment exposes workers to crushing and caught-between hazards such as pinch-point. Deck edge and work surface guards are critical in preventing elevated falls.
Note: Confined space entry is one of the leading hazards associated with barge cleaning. Review the Ship Repair: Confined or Enclosed Spaces and Other Dangerous Atmospheres chapter for information on how to protect workers from this hazard.
It is important to note that:
- Minimum walking surface such as gangway, cat walks, and temporary decking is 20 inches wide. [29 CFR 1915.73(f), 29 CFR 1915.74(b), 29 CFR 1915.75(a), 29 CFR 1915.75(g), 29 CFR 1915.74(a)(1), and 29 CFR 1915.77(d)]
Typical guardrails are 42 inches high with a mid-rail. [29 CFR 1915.73(c), 29 CFR 1915.75(b), and 29 CFR 1915.77(d)]
- When working more than 5 feet over a solid surface, guardrails or personal fall protection must be used. [29 CFR 1915.73(d) and 29 CFR 1915.77(c)]
When working over water, guardrails, personal fall protection, or personal flotation devices are required. [29 CFR 1915.73(e) and 29 CFR 1915.77(e)]