Quick Facts
  • There is a vaccine against the most common strain of ebolavirus in humans for those who are eligible.
  • Ebolaviruses are not native to the U.S. and most workers are very unlikely to be exposed to them. There have been no known cases of EVD acquired in the U.S. since the 2014-2016 West African outbreak.
  • EVD typically spreads by contact with body fluids or contaminated items from a living or recently deceased person or animal infected with the disease.
  • Although ebolaviruses are not transmitted through the air, some medical, laboratory, and other tasks that involve mechanical disruption of body fluids may expose workers to virus particles through aerosol droplets.
  • A person with EVD is not considered contagious until they develop symptoms.
  • In 2022-2023, Uganda experienced an outbreak of EVD that resulted in 55 hemorrhagic fever-related deaths among the 142 people with confirmed infections.

Employers must take steps to protect workers who may have occupational exposure to EVD. These include, but are not limited to healthcare and laboratory workers, morticians, emergency responders, transportation, and travel workers, and those in the housekeeping industry.

Information about Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) and the current ebolavirus situation is available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

This web page provides information about ebolaviruses and EVD for workers and employers.


Provides background information, including the origins of the Ebola virus and EVD.


The Ebola virus is covered under specific OSHA standards for general industry.

Control and Prevention

Provides general guidelines for workers by job type. These general guidelines are not intended to cover workers who have direct contact with individuals with EVD.

Specific Information for Workers (by Job Type)

Provides task-based guidance to help employers select appropriate PPE for workers who may be exposed to ebolavirus.

Additional Resources

Provides links and references to additional resources related to EVD.