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Having an evacuation plan in place before a wildfire occurs can help avoid confusion and prevent injuries. A thorough evacuation plan should include:

  • Conditions that will activate the plan
  • Chain of command
  • Emergency functions and who will perform them
  • Specific evacuation procedures, including routes and exits
  • Procedures for accounting for personnel, customers and visitors
  • Equipment for personnel
  • Review the plan with workers

Some businesses are required to have an Emergency Action Plan meeting the requirements under 29 CFR 1910.38; see Evacuation Plans and Procedures eTool for more information.

In addition to creating an evacuation plan, making a safety zone around your business or residence can help protect people and property. Within a 30-foot zone of buildings, remove combustible material and reduce the volume of vegetation to a minimum. In doing so, stay clear of overhead lines (maintain at least 10-feet clearance) and use 29 CFR 1910.269 qualified line-clearance tree trimmers. Clear branches and shrubs that are within 15 feet of chimneys or stovepipes and remove vines from the walls of buildings. Frequently mowing grass and replacing vegetation with less flammable species can provide better protection against spreading wildfires. In addition to the 30-foot safety zone, an additional secondary 70-foot safety zone is recommended – increasing the distance between a building and vegetation will increase the level of protection. For more information, the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection offers a useful guide for creating safety zones (PDF), and the - Federal Emergency Management Administration (FEMA) website has more information as well.

Training and Exercises
  • Ensure that all workers know what to do in case of an emergency.
  • Practice evacuation plans on a regular basis.
  • Update plans and procedures based on lessons learned from exercises.

It is particularly important for responders to regularly train for the hazards present during wildfire response operations. The following resources provide useful guidance on training for responders:

Climate Change Preparedness and Resilience

Per Executive Order (EO) 13653, the impacts of climate change -- including an increase in prolonged periods of extreme temperatures, heavy downpours, an increase in wildfires, severe droughts, permafrost thawing, ocean acidification, and sea-level rise -- are already affecting communities, economies, and public health across the Nation. These impacts are often most significant for communities that already face economic or health-related challenges.  Managing these risks requires preparation, close cooperation, and coordinated planning by the Federal Government, as well as by stakeholders, to facilitate Federal, State, local, tribal, private-sector, and nonprofit-sector efforts to improve climate change preparedness and resilience.  These activities are designed to help safeguard our economy, infrastructure, environment, and natural resources; and provide for the continuity of executive department and agency operations, services, and programs.  The Department of Labor is actively engaged in the coordinated federal efforts to enhance climate change preparedness and resilience.

FACT SHEET: Supporting Workers, Farmers, and Communities Suffering from Drought. The White House. Drought threatens multiple sectors of the economy and leads to increased risks to communities on many fronts. All over the West, continued drought is leading to job losses, particularly in the agricultural sector. Supporting American farmers and ranchers and the families who depend on them is the focus of the fact sheet.

*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.

All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.

**eBooks - EPUB is the most common format for e-Books. If you use a Sony Reader, a Nook, or an iPad you can download the EPUB file format. If you use a Kindle, you can download the MOBI file format.

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