A variety of companies are researching and developing nanotechnology. Although there are nanomaterials in a few products used in the construction industry, most of these activities fall under OSHA General Industry standards. This page highlights some of the applicable General Industry OSHA standards.
Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 654), often referred to as the General Duty Clause, requires employers to "furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees." Section 5(a)(2) requires employers to "comply with occupational safety and health standards" promulgated under this Act.
There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.
The following are examples of standards that may be applicable in situations where employees are exposed to nanomaterials.
- 1904, Recording and reporting occupational injuries and illness [Topic Page]
- 1910.132, Personal protective equipment, general requirements [Topic Page]
- 1910.133, Eye and face protection [Topic Page]
- 1910.134, Respiratory protection [Topic Page]
- 1910.138, Hand protection
- 1910.141, Sanitation
- 1910.1200, Hazard communication [Topic Page]
- 1910.1450, Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories [Topic Page]
- Certain substance-specific standards (e.g., 1910.1027, Cadmium) [Topic Page]
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