Chemical Hazards and Toxic Substances
General Chemical Information
- OSHA Occupational Chemical Database. OSHA's premier one-stop shop for occupational chemical information. It compiles information from several government agencies and organizations. Information available on the pages includes chemical identification and physical properties, exposure limits, sampling information, and additional resources.
- Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 81-123, (January 1981). Provides a table of contents of guidelines for many hazardous chemicals. The files provide technical chemical information, including chemical and physical properties, health effects, exposure limits, and recommendations for medical monitoring, personal protective equipment (PPE), and control procedures.
- International Programme on Chemical Safety. World Health Organization (WHO). The two main roles of the IPCS are to establish the scientific health and environmental risk assessment basis for safe use of chemicals and to strengthen national capabilities for chemical safety.
- Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The IRIS is a database of human health effects that may result from exposure to various substances found in the environment. The information in IRIS is intended for those without extensive training in toxicology, but with some knowledge of health sciences.
- Health Effects Notebook for Hazardous Air Pollutants. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Provides a collection of documents that contain health effects information related to each of the EPA Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) from the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments.
- Chemical Reactivity Worksheet. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Office of Response and Restoration (OR&R). Provides a free program that can be used to research the reactivity of substances or mixtures of substances.
- EXTOXNET - The EXTension TOXicology NETwork. The University of California-Davis, Oregon State University, Michigan State University, Cornell University, and the University of Idaho. Provides information more widely available via Pesticide Information Profiles, Toxicology Information Briefs, and Fact Sheets.
- Where to find Material Safety Data Sheets on the Internet. Interactive Learning Paradigms Incorporated (ILPI). Provides links to MSDS available on the Internet.
- For additional information on chemical reactivity, see OSHA's Chemical Reactivity Hazards Safety and Health Topics Page. Provides links to references that aid in evaluating chemical reactive interactions and their potential hazards.
- UPDATED Small Business Safety and Health Handbook. OSHA Publication 2209, (2021). Summarizes the benefits of an effective safety and health program, provides self-inspection checklists for employers to identify workplace hazards, and reviews key workplace safety and health resources for small businesses.
- Training Requirements in OSHA Standards. OSHA Publication 2254, (2015).
- Draft Model Training Program for Hazard Communication. OSHA. Presents an approach to providing training using a series of lesson plans, slides, and quizzes that are provided in appendices which also include a glossary of commonly used terms and references.
- Hazard Communication. OSHA. Assists trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour General Industry outreach training for workers. Since workers are the target audience, the material emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control — not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively.
- Hazard Communication: Small Entity Compliance Guide for Employers That Use Hazardous Chemicals. OSHA Publication 3695, (2014).
- OSHA Emergency Preparedness and Response Safety and Health Guides. A compilation of resources that provide an overview of worker hazards related to various emergencies, including: Blister Agents, Nerve Agents, and Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs).
- Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). DHHS and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have created this agency to seek and prevent harmful exposures and diseases related to toxic substances by providing information, research, and public health actions.
- Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service (HESIS). California Department of Public Health (CDPH), Occupational Health Branch (OHB). Provides information about harmful workplace chemicals and the potential effects of exposure.
- Hazardous Materials Information Center. U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA).