Asbestos hazards are addressed in specific standards for general industry, maritime, and construction. This section highlights OSHA standards and documents related to asbestos in construction.

OSHA Standards
Construction (29 CFR 1926)
Related Information
Subpart Z – Toxic and Hazardous Substances 1926.1101, Asbestos.

For information on state or other standards, see the Asbestos - Standards page.

National Consensus Standards

Note: These are NOT OSHA regulations. However, they do provide guidance from their originating organizations related to worker protection.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
  • ASTM E1368, Standard Practice for Visual Inspection of Asbestos Abatement Projects. Establishes accepted practices for evaluating asbestos abatement projects.
  • ASTM E2356, Standard Practice for Comprehensive Building Asbestos Surveys. This practice describes procedures for conducting comprehensive surveys of buildings and facilities for the purpose of locating, identifying, quantifying, and assessing asbestos-containing materials.
  • ASTM E2394, Standard Practice for Maintenance, Renovation and Repair of Installed Asbestos Cement Products. This practice describes work practices for asbestos-cement products when maintenance, renovation, and repair are required. This includes common tasks such as drilling and cutting holes in roofing, siding, pipes, etc. that can result in exposure to asbestos fibers if not done carefully.
Evaluating and Controlling Exposure
Medical surveillance

Medical surveillance guidance is provided in the following appendix to the OSHA Standards:

Exposure monitoring

Exposure monitoring samples must be analyzed by Phase Contrast Microscopy (PCM) for OSHA purposes. PCM methods accurately assess fiber exposure levels, but PCM can not differentiate between asbestos and non-asbestos fibers. Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) methods may be used to identify fibers, but may not be used to quantify air concentrations for occupational exposure.

Bulk sample analysis

Bulk sample analysis should be done by Polarized Light Microscopy (PLM). Bulk analysis results will likely apply to both OSHA and EPA regulations.

Asbestos Removal
Other Resources
Related Safety and Health Topics Pages
Additional Information
  • Construction. OSHA's Alliance Program. This is one of OSHA's Strategic Management Plan Focus Areas.