Welding, Cutting, and Brazing
Hazards and Solutions
Health hazards from welding, cutting, and brazing operations include exposures to metal fumes and to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Safety hazards from these operations include burns, eye damage, electrical shock, cuts, and crushed toes and fingers. Many of these can be controlled with proper work practices and personal protective equipment (PPE). The following links provide information about potential hazards and possible solutions associated with these operations.
Potential Hazards and Possible Solutions
- Small Entity Compliance Guide for the Hexavalent Chromium Standards (PDF*). OSHA Publication 3320-10N, (2006).
- Hexavalent Chromium. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
- Eye Protection against Radiant Energy during Welding and Cutting in Shipyard Employment (PDF*). OSHA Fact Sheet, (2012, January). Discusses protection from radiant energy and the requirements for workers to use personal protective equipment.
- Controlling Hazardous Fume and Gases during Welding (PDF*). OSHA Fact Sheet FS-3647, (2013).
- Arc Welding Safety (PDF). National Ag Safety Database (NASD), (1989, May). Provides suggestions and guidelines to minimize a number of hazards involving the electric arc welder.
- For additional information on general safety and health concerns, see OSHA's Safety and Health Topics Pages on:
- Chemicals. OSHA. Lists chemicals commonly associated with welding, cutting, and brazing
- OSHA Technical Manual (OTM). OSHA Directive TED 01-00-015 [TED 1-0.15A], (2014, February 11).
- NEW Personal Sampling for Air Contaminants. Includes a section on sampling for welding fumes.
- The Use of Combination Oxygen and Combustible Gas Detectors. OSHA Hazard Information Bulletin (HIB), (1990, January 18). Alerts field personnel of some of the shortcomings/limitations of using combination oxygen and combustible gas detectors.
- Welding Fumes Sampling. Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) Occupational Illness and Injury Prevention Program Health Topic. Provides guidance on hazards associated with welding and procedures for chemical sampling.
- NIOSH Update: NIOSH Strategic Research on Welding Identifies Data Needs, Advances Studies. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), (2003, August 20).
- For additional information, see OSHA's Sampling and Analysis Safety and Health Topics Page.
*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.
All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.
**eBooks - EPUB is the most common format for e-Books. If you use a Sony Reader, a Nook, or an iPad you can download the EPUB file format. If you use a Kindle, you can download the MOBI file format.Back to Top