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"Lockout/Tagout (LOTO)" refers to specific practices and procedures to safeguard workers from the unexpected energization or startup of machinery and equipment, or the release of hazardous energy during service or maintenance activities.
Approximately 3 million workers service equipment and face the greatest risk of injury if lockout/tagout is not properly implemented. Compliance with the lockout/tagout standard prevents an estimated 120 fatalities and 50,000 injuries each year. Workers injured on the job from exposure to hazardous energy lose an average of 24 workdays for recuperation. In a study conducted by the United Auto Workers (UAW), 20% of the fatalities (83 of 414) that occurred among their members between 1973 and 1995 were attributed to inadequate hazardous energy control procedures, specifically lockout/tagout procedures.
Employers must implement lockout/tagout procedures outlined in OSHA standards. See 29 CFR 1910.147.
The following are some of the significant requirements of a Lockout/Tagout procedure, required under a Lockout/Tagout program.
Some additional general resources on Lockout/Tagout are provided below:
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