Standards and Enforcement
This section highlights OSHA standards, directives (instructions for compliance officers), and standard interpretations (official letters of interpretation of the standards) related to healthcare.
Recent State Standards / Legislation
- Patient Handling legislation of various states (see Safe Patient Handling page)
Highlighted Federal Standards
General Industry (29 CFR 1910)
- 1910.132, General requirements (Personal protective equipment) [related Safety and Health Topics page]
- 1910.133, Eye and face protection [related Safety and Health Topics page]
- 1910.134, Respiratory protection [related Safety and Health Topics page]
- 1910.1030, Bloodborne pathogens [related Safety and Health Topics page]
- 1910.1047, Ethylene oxide [related Safety and Health Topics page]
- 1910.1048, Formaldehyde [related Safety and Health Topics page]
- 1910.1096, Ionizing radiation [related Safety and Health Topics page]
- 1910.1200, Hazard communication [related Safety and Health Topics page]
- 1910.1450, Occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals in laboratories [related Safety and Health Topics page]
Directives and Enforcement Policies
- Enforcement Procedures and Scheduling for Occupational Exposure to Tuberculosis (PDF*). CPL 02-02-078, (2015, June 30). Provides general enforcement policies and procedures to be followed when conducting inspections and issuing citations related to occupational exposure to tuberculosis (TB).
- Inspection Guidance for Inpatient Healthcare Settings. OSHA Memorandum, (2015, June 25).
- Enforcement Procedures for Investigating or Inspecting Workplace Violence Incidents. OSHA Directive CPL 02-01-052, (2011, September 8).
- Enforcement Procedures for the Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens. CPL 02-02-069 [CPL 2-2.69], (2001, November 27).
- Search all available directives.
- With regard to respiratory protection for tuberculosis, employers must comply with all portions of the Respiratory Protection standard, including fit testing. (2008, March 24).
- Most frequently asked questions concerning the bloodborne pathogens standard. (Updated November 1, 2011).
- Search all available standard interpretations.
Frequently Cited Standards
- OSHA maintains a listing of the most frequently cited standards for specified 6-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes. Please refer to OSHA’s Frequently Cited OSHA Standards page for additional information. For Health Care and Social Assistance, use NAICS code 62 in the NAICS search box.
For additional information, see:
- Occupational Asthma. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
- Reproductive Hazards. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
- Compliance Assistance Quick Start. OSHA. By following this step-by-step guide, you can identify many of the major OSHA requirements and guidance materials that may apply to your workplace. Small and new businesses may find Quick Start helpful as an introduction to the compliance assistance resources on OSHA's website.
- Health Care Industry. Applies to employers and employees in the health care field.
General Duty Clause
The General Duty Clause of the OSH Act (the law that created OSHA) requires employers to provide workers with a safe workplace that does not have any known hazards that cause or are likely to cause death or serious injury.
There are twenty-eight OSHA-approved State Plans, operating state-wide occupational safety and health programs. State Plans are required to have standards and enforcement programs that are at least as effective as OSHA's and may have different or more stringent requirements.